YESU KHRISTU NDI NDANI?

018 wkg bs mwana wa yesu khristu

Mulungu Mwana ndi Munthu wachiwiri wa Umulungu, wobadwa ndi Atate kuchokera ku nthawi zosayamba. Iye ndiye mawu ndi chifaniziro cha Atate - kudzera mwa iye ndi kwa iye Mulungu adalenga zinthu zonse. Iye anatumidwa ndi Atate monga Yesu Kristu, Mulungu, wovumbulidwa m’thupi kutitheketsa ife kupeza chipulumutso. Iye anabadwa mwa Mzimu Woyera ndi kubadwa mwa Namwali Mariya - anali Mulungu wathunthu ndi munthu wathunthu, anagwirizanitsa makhalidwe awiri mwa munthu mmodzi. Iye, Mwana wa Mulungu ndi Ambuye wa zonse, ndi woyenera kulemekezedwa ndi kulambiridwa. Monga wowombola wa anthu amene analoseredwa, iye anafera machimo athu, anaukitsidwa mwakuthupi ndi kukwera kumwamba, kumene amakhala ngati mkhalapakati pakati pa munthu ndi Mulungu. Adzabweranso mu ulemerero kudzalamulira monga Mfumu ya mafumu pa mitundu yonse mu ufumu wa Mulungu (Yoh 1,1.10.14; Akolose 1,15-16; Ahebri 1,3; Yohane 3,16; Tito 2,13; Mateyu 1,20; Machitidwe a Atumwi 10,36; 1. Korinto 15,3-4; Ahebri 1,8; Chivumbulutso 19,16).

Chikhristu ndi cha Khristu

“Pachiyambi chake, Chikristu si dongosolo lokongola, locholoŵana monga Chibuda, malamulo apamwamba a makhalidwe abwino monga Chisilamu, kapena mpambo wabwino wa miyambo, monga momwe matchalitchi ena amasonyezera. Poyambira pomwe mungakambirane pankhaniyi ndikuti, monga momwe mawuwo akunenera, 'Chikhristu' chimangokhudza munthu m'modzi, Yesu Khristu (Dickson 1999: 11).

Chikristu, ngakhale kuti poyamba chinkawonedwa ngati kagulu kampatuko kachiyuda, chinali chosiyana ndi Chiyuda. Ayuda anali ndi chikhulupiriro mwa Mulungu, koma ambiri savomereza Yesu monga Kristu. Gulu lina lotchulidwa m’Chipangano Chatsopano, “oopa Mulungu” achikunja, amene Korneliyo anali m’gulu lake ( Machitidwe a Atumwi. 10,2), analinso ndi chikhulupiriro mwa Mulungu, koma si onse amene anavomereza kuti Yesu ndi Mesiya.

“Munthu wa Yesu Khristu ndiye maziko a chiphunzitso chaumulungu chachikhristu. Ngakhale 'zamulungu' zitha kufotokozedwa ngati 'kulankhula za Mulungu', 'maphunziro azachipembedzo achikhristu' amapereka gawo la Khristu kukhala gawo lalikulu "(McGrath 1997: 322).

“Chikhristu sichili ndi malingaliro odzidalira kapena okhazikika; limapereka yankho losatha la mafunso amene anaukitsidwa ndi moyo, imfa, ndi kuuka kwa Yesu Kristu. Chikhristu ndichipembedzo chomwe chidayamba chifukwa cha zochitika zingapo zokhudzana ndi Yesu Khristu ».

Palibe Chikhristu popanda Yesu Khristu. Kodi Yesu ameneyu anali ndani? Chimene chinali chapadera kwambiri mwa iye kuti Satana anafuna kumuwononga ndi kutsekereza nkhani ya kubadwa kwake (Chibvumbulutso 12,4-5; Mateyu 2,1-18) Kodi nchiyani chimene chinachititsa ophunzira ake kukhala olimba mtima kotero kuti anaimbidwa mlandu wa kutembenuza dziko? 

Mulungu amabwera kwa ife kudzera mwa Khristu

Phunziro lomaliza linatha ndi kutsindika kuti tikhoza kudziwa Mulungu kudzera mwa Yesu Khristu (Mateyu 11,27) amene ali chithunzithunzi chenicheni cha umunthu wamkati wa Mulungu (Ahebri 1,3). Kupyolera mwa Yesu kokha tingadziŵe mmene Mulungu alili, chifukwa Yesu yekha ndiye chifaniziro chowululidwa cha Atate (Akolose 1,15).

Mauthenga Abwino amalengeza kuti Mulungu analowa mu gawo la munthu kudzera mwa Yesu Khristu. Mtumwi Yohane analemba kuti: “Pachiyambi panali mawu, ndipo mawu anali kwa Mulungu, ndipo Mawu ndiye Mulungu.” ( Yoh. 1,1). Mawuwa amadziwika kuti ndi Yesu yemwe “anakhala thupi ndi kukhala pakati pathu.” ( Yoh 1,14).

Yesu, yemwe ndi Mawu, ndiye munthu wachiŵiri wa Umulungu, mwa amene “chidzalo chonse cha Umulungu chikhala mwa thupi” (Akolose. 2,9). Yesu anali munthu wathunthu komanso Mulungu wathunthu, Mwana wa Munthu ndi Mwana wa Mulungu. “Pakuti kudamukomera Mulungu kuti zochuluka zonse zikhale mwa Iye” (Akolose 1,19), “Ndipo mwa kudzala kwake ife tonse tinalandira chisomo chosinthana ndi chisomo.” ( Yoh 1,16).

“Khristu Yesu, amene anali m’maonekedwe aumulungu, sanachiyesa chifwamba kukhala wolingana ndi Mulungu, koma anadzichepetsa yekha, nakhala ngati kapolo, anafanana ndi anthu, nazindikirika monga munthu m’maonekedwe.” ( Afilipi 2,5-7). Ndimeyi ikufotokoza kuti Yesu anavula mphamvu zake zaumulungu n’kukhala mmodzi wa ife kuti “iwo akukhulupirira dzina lake akhale ndi mphamvu yakukhala ana a Mulungu.” ( Yoh. 1,12). Ife tokha timakhulupirira kuti ife payekha, mbiri yakale ndi eschatologically tikukumana ndi umulungu wa Mulungu mu umunthu wa munthu uyu Yesu waku Nazarete (Jinkins 2001: 98).

Tikakumana ndi Yesu, timakumana ndi Mulungu. Yesu anati: “Mukadadziwa ine, mukadadziwanso Atate.” ( Yoh 8,19).

Yesu Khristu ndiye mlengi ndi wosamalira zinthu zonse

Ponena za “Mawu”, Yohane akutiuza kuti “pachiyambi panali kwa Mulungu. Zinthu zonse zinapangidwa ndi chinthu chimodzi, ndipo popanda chinthu chimodzi palibe chimene chinapangidwa.” ( Yoh 1,2-3 ndi).

Paulo anafotokoza momveka bwino mfundo imeneyi kuti: “Chilichonse chinalengedwa kudzera mwa iye ndi kwa iye.” (Akolose 1,16). Kalata yopita kwa Aheberi imakambanso za “Yesu, amene kwa kanthawi anali wocepa ndi angelo” (ndiko kuti, anakhala munthu), “mwa iye zinthu zonse ziliko, ndipo mwa amene zinthu zonse zakhalapo” ( Ahebri. 2,9-10). Yesu Khristu “ali woposa zonse ndipo zonse zikhala mwa iye.” (Akolose 1,17). Iye “amanyamula zinthu zonse ndi mawu ake amphamvu.” (Aheb 1,3).

Atsogoleri achiyuda sanamvetse za umulungu wake. Yesu anawauza kuti: “Ndinatuluka kwa Mulungu” ndipo “Abrahamu asanakhale ine ndilipo.” ( Yoh 8,42.58). “INE NDINE” ankatanthauza dzina limene Mulungu anadzigwiritsa ntchito polankhula ndi Mose.2. Cunt 3,14), ndipo chifukwa cha ichi Afarisi ndi aphunzitsi a chilamulo anafuna kumponya miyala chifukwa chonyoza Mulungu chifukwa anadzinenera kukhala waumulungu (Yohane. 8,59).

Yesu ndi Mwana wa Mulungu

Yohane analemba za Yesu kuti: “Tinaona ulemerero wake, ulemerero monga Mwana wobadwa yekha wa Atate, wodzala ndi chisomo ndi choonadi.” ( Yoh. 1,14). Yesu anali Mwana mmodzi yekha wa Atate.

Yesu atabatizidwa, Mulungu anamuitana kuti: “Iwe ndiwe Mwana wanga wokondedwa, ndimakondwera nawe.” ( Maliko. 1,11; Luka 3,22).

Petro ndi Yohane atalandira masomphenya a ufumu wa Mulungu, Petro anaona Yesu monga munthu wofanana ndi Mose ndi Eliya. Iye sankadziwa kuti Yesu “anali wamtengo wapatali kuposa Mose.” (Aheb 3,3) ndi kuti pakati pawo panali wina wamkulu woposa aneneri. Mawu anatulukanso kumwamba ndi kufuula kuti: “Uyu ndiye Mwana wanga wokondedwa, mwa iyeyu ndikondwera; muyenera kumva! " (Mateyu 17,5). Popeza Yesu ndi Mwana wa Mulungu, tiyeneranso kumva zimene akunena.

Imeneyi inali ndime yapakati pakulalikira kwa atumwi pamene ankafalitsa uthenga wabwino wachipulumutso mwa Khristu. Onani Machitidwe a Atumwi 9,20, pamene limanena za Sauli, asanadziŵike monga Paulo kuti: “Ndipo pomwepo analalikira kwa Yesu m’masunagoge kuti Iye ndiye Mwana wa Mulungu. Yesu "anakhazikitsidwa monga mwa Mzimu amene amayeretsa, monga Mwana wa Mulungu ndi mphamvu mwa kuuka kwa akufa (Aroma 1,4).

Nsembe ya Mwana wa Mulungu imathandiza wokhulupirira kupulumutsidwa. “Pakuti Mulungu anakonda dziko lapansi kotero, kuti anapatsa Mwana wake wobadwa yekha, kuti yense wakukhulupirira Iye asatayike, koma akhale nawo moyo wosatha.” ( Yoh. 3,16). “Atate anatumiza Mwana kuti akhale Mpulumutsi wa dziko” (1. Johannes 4,14).

Yesu ndiye Mbuye ndi Mfumu

Pa kubadwa kwa Kristu, mngelo analengeza uthenga wotsatirawu kwa abusa: “Kwa inu lero wakubadwirani Mpulumutsi, amene ali Kristu, Ambuye, mu mzinda wa Davide.” ( Luka 2,11).

Ntchito imene Yohane M’batizi anapatsidwa inali ‘yokonza njira ya Ambuye’ (Maliko 1,1-4; Yohane 3,1-6 ndi).

M’mawu ake oyamba m’makalata osiyanasiyana, Paulo, Yakobo, Petro ndi Yohane anatchula “Ambuye Yesu Kristu” ( NW )1. Akorinto 1,2-3; 2. Akorinto 2,2; Aefeso 1,2; James 1,1; 1. Peter 1,3; 2. Yohane 3; etc.)

Mawu akuti Ambuye akusonyeza mphamvu pa mbali zonse za chikhulupiriro cha wokhulupirira ndi moyo wauzimu. Chivumbulutso 19,16 amatikumbutsa kuti Mawu a Mulungu, Yesu Khristu,

"Mfumu ya mafumu onse ndi Mbuye wa ambuye onse"

ndi.

M'buku lake lakuti Invitation to Theology, katswiri wamaphunziro azaumulungu wamakono Michael Jinkins ananena motere: “Anatiuza mosabisa kanthu. Ndife athunthu, thupi ndi moyo, m’moyo ndi mu imfa ya Ambuye Yesu Khristu” (2001:122).

Yesu ndiye Mesiya wonenedweratu, Mpulumutsi

Mu Danieli 9,25 Mulungu akulengeza kuti Mesiya, kalonga, adzabwera kudzamasula anthu ake. Mesiya amatanthauza “wodzozedwa” mu Chihebri. Andireya, yemwe anali wotsatira wa Yesu woyambirira, anazindikira kuti iye ndi ophunzira ena ‘anapeza Mesiya’ mwa Yesu, lomwe linamasuliridwa kuchokera ku Chigiriki kuti “Khristu” (wodzozedwa) ( Yoh. 1,41).

Maulosi ambiri a m’Chipangano Chakale analankhula za kubwera kwa Mpulumutsi [Mpulumutsi, Muomboli]. M’nkhani yake ya kubadwa kwa Kristu, Mateyu kaŵirikaŵiri akusimba mwatsatanetsatane mmene maulosi ameneŵa onena za Mesiya anakwaniritsidwira m’moyo ndi utumiki wa Mwana wa Mulungu, amene analandiridwa mozizwitsa ndi mzimu woyera mwa namwali wotchedwa Mariya ndi kutcha Yesu. pakubadwa kwake kudakhala kutanthauza mpulumutsi. “Koma zonse zinachitidwa kuti zimene Ambuye ananena kudzera mwa mneneri zikwaniritsidwe (Mateyu 1,22).

Luka analemba kuti: “Zonse zimene zinalembedwa za ine m’chilamulo cha Mose, mwa aneneri ndi m’masalimo zikwaniritsidwe.” ( Luka 24,44). Anayenera kukwaniritsa maulosi a Mesiya. Alaliki ena amachitira umboni kuti Yesu ndiye Khristu (Mk 8,29; Luka 2,11; 4,41; 9,20; Yohane 6,69; 20,31).

Akristu oyambirira anaphunzitsa kuti “Khristu ayenera kumva zowawa, nakhala woyamba kuuka kwa akufa, nalalikira kuunika kwa anthu ake ndi kwa amitundu.” ( 2             6,23). M’mawu ena, Yesu “alidi Mpulumutsi wa dziko lapansi.” ( Yoh 4,42).

Yesu akubwerera mwa chifundo ndi chiweruzo

Kwa Mkhristu, nkhani yonse imatsogolera ndikuchoka kutali ndi zochitika za moyo wa Khristu. Nkhani yamoyo wake ndiyofunika kwambiri pachikhulupiriro chathu.

Koma nkhaniyi sinathe. Ikupitilira kuyambira nthawi ya Chipangano Chatsopano mpaka muyaya. Baibulo limafotokoza kuti Yesu amakhala moyo wake mwa ife, ndipo momwe amachitira izi tikambirana mu phunziro lotsatira.

Yesu adzabweranso (Yohane 14,1-3; Machitidwe a Atumwi 1,11; 2. Atesalonika 4,13-18; 2. Peter 3,10-13, etc.). Iye amabwerera osati kudzachita ndi uchimo (iye anachita kale izi kudzera mu nsembe yake) koma chipulumutso (Aheb. 9,28). Pa “mpando wake wachifumu wachisomo” (Aheb 4,16) “Iye adzaweruza dziko lapansi ndi chilungamo” ( Machitidwe 17,31). “Koma ufulu wathu wa anthu uli kumwamba; kumene tiyembekezera Mpulumutsi, Ambuye Yesu Kristu ”(Afilipi 3,20).

Pomaliza

Lemba limavumbula Yesu ngati Mau osandulika thupi, Mwana wa Mulungu, Ambuye, Mfumu, Mesiya, Mpulumutsi wadziko lapansi, yemwe adzabwere kachiwirinso kudzachitira chifundo komanso kuweruzidwa. Ndizofunikira pachikhulupiriro cha Mkhristu chifukwa popanda Khristu palibe Chikhristu. Tiyenera kumva zomwe akunena kwa ife.

ndi James Henderson