Kodi lamulo lalikulu laumishonale ndi liti?

027 wkg bs mission lamulo

Uthenga wabwino ndi uthenga wabwino wa chipulumutso kudzera mu chisomo cha Mulungu kudzera mu chikhulupiriro mwa Yesu Khristu. Ndi uthenga wakuti Khristu anafera machimo athu, kuti anaikidwa m’manda, mogwirizana ndi malemba, anaukitsidwa pa tsiku lachitatu, kenako anaonekera kwa ophunzira ake. Uthenga wabwino ndi uthenga wabwino wakuti tingalowe mu ufumu wa Mulungu kudzera mu ntchito yopulumutsa ya Yesu Khristu (1. Korinto 15,1-5; Machitidwe a Atumwi 5,31; Luka 24,46-48; Yohane 3,16; Mateyu 28,19-20; Mark 1,14-15; Machitidwe a Atumwi 8,12; 28,30-31 ndi).

Mawu a Yesu kwa otsatira ake ataukitsidwa

Mawu akuti “lamulo lalikulu laumishonale” nthawi zambiri amatanthauza mawu a Yesu a pa Mateyu chaputala 28,1820: “Ndipo Yesu anadza kwa iwo, nanena, Mphamvu zonse zapatsidwa kwa Ine Kumwamba ndi pa dziko lapansi. Chifukwa chake mukani, phunzitsani anthu a mitundu yonse; Ndipo taonani, ine ndili ndi inu masiku onse mpaka mapeto a dziko.”

Mphamvu zonse kumwamba ndi padziko lapansi zapatsidwa kwa ine

Yesu ndi “Ambuye wa onse” (Machitidwe a Atumwi 10,36) ndipo ali woyamba pa chilichonse (Akolose 1,18 f.). Ngati mipingo ndi okhulupilira atenga nawo mbali mu utumwi kapena kufalitsa uthenga kapena mawu ofala, ndikuchita popanda Yesu, sizikhala ndi phindu.

Ntchito ya zipembedzo zina sizindikira ukulu wake ndipo motero sizigwira ntchito ya Mulungu. Nthambi iliyonse ya Chikhristu yomwe siyiyika Khristu patsogolo muzochita ndi chiphunzitso chake si ntchito ya Mulungu. Asanakwere kwa Atate wa Kumwamba, Yesu ananeneratu kuti: “Mudzalandira mphamvu ya Mzimu Woyera, amene adzadza pa inu, ndipo mudzakhala mboni zanga.” ( Machitidwe a Atumwi 1,8). Ntchito ya Mzimu Woyera mu utumwi ndiyo kutsogolera okhulupirira kuti achitire umboni za Yesu Khristu.

Mulungu amene amatumiza

M'magulu achikhristu, "cholinga" chapeza matanthauzo osiyanasiyana. Nthawi zina amatanthauza nyumba, nthawi zina kukatumikira kuuzimu kudziko lina, nthawi zina kubzala mipingo yatsopano, ndi zina zotero. M'mbiri ya mpingo, "utumwi" udali mawu amulungu pomwe Mulungu adatumiza Mwana Wake, ndi momwe Atate ndi Mwana anatumiza Mzimu Woyera.
Mawu achingerezi oti "mission" ali ndi mizu yachilatini. Zimachokera ku "missio", kutanthauza kuti "ndimatumiza". Chifukwa chake cholinga chimatanthauza ntchito yomwe mmodzi kapena gulu limatumizidwa kuti lichite.
Lingaliro la "kutumiza" ndilofunikira pamaphunziro azaumulungu a chikhalidwe cha Mulungu. Mulungu ndiye Mulungu amatumiza. 

“Nditumize ndani? Ndani akufuna kukhala mtumiki wathu?" afunsa mau a Yehova. Mulungu anatumiza Mose kwa Farao, ndipo Eliya ndi aneneri ena kwa Israeli, Yohane Mbatizi, kukachitira umboni za kuwala kwa Khristu (Yohane 1,6-7), amene iye mwini anatumidwa ndi “Atate wamoyo” kaamba ka chipulumutso cha dziko (Yohane 4,34; 6,57).

Mulungu amatumiza angelo ake kuti achite chifuniro chake (1. Mose 24,7; Mateyu 13,41 ndi ndime zina zambiri), ndipo amatumiza Mzimu wake Woyera m’dzina la Mwana (Yohane 14,26; 15,26; Luka 24,49). Atate “adzatumiza Yesu Kristu” panthaŵi imene onse adzabwezeretsedwa “(Machitidwe a Atumwi 3,20-21 ndi).

Yesu anatumizanso ophunzira ake (Mat 10,5), kufotokoza kuti monga Atate anamtuma kudziko lapansi, momwemonso iye, Yesu, amatumiza okhulupirira ku dziko lapansi (Yohane 1)7,18). Okhulupirira onse amatumizidwa ndi Khristu. Tili pa ntchito ya Mulungu ndipo motero ndife atumiki ake. Mpingo wa Chipangano Chatsopano unamvetsa izi momveka bwino ndipo unagwira ntchito ya Atate monga amithenga ake. Buku la Machitidwe a Atumwi ndi umboni wa ntchito ya utumwi pamene uthenga wabwino unafalikira ku dziko lodziwika panthawiyo. Okhulupirira ndi “akazembe a Khristu” (2. Akorinto 5,20) anatumizidwa kuti akamuimire pamaso pa anthu onse.

Mpingo wa Chipangano Chatsopano unali Mpingo wa Utumwi. Limodzi mwamavuto mu mpingo masiku ano ndi loti opita kutchalitchi "amawona utumwi ngati imodzi mwantchito zake zambiri osati malo ake ofotokozera" (Murray, 2004: 135). Nthawi zambiri amadzipatula ku utumwi posamutsira ntchitoyi ku "zigawo zapadera m'malo mokonzekeretsa mamembala onse ngati amishonale" (ibid.). M’malo mwa yankho la Yesaya: “Ndine pano, nditumeni.” (Yesaya 6,9) yankho losanenedwa kaŵirikaŵiri ndilo: «Ndine pano! Tumizani wina."

Mtundu wakale wachipangano

Ntchito ya Mulungu mu Chipangano Chakale imagwirizana ndi lingaliro la kukopa. Anthu ena anadabwa kwambiri ndi mphamvu ya maginito ya kuloŵerera kwa Mulungu kotero kuti analakalaka ‘kulaŵa ndi kuona kukoma mtima kwa Yehova.4,8).

Chitsanzocho chimaphatikizapo kuyitanidwa kuti "bwerani" monga momwe akufotokozedwera m'nkhani ya Solomoni ndi Mfumukazi ya ku Sheba. “Ndipo pamene Mfumukazi ya ku Sheba inamva mbiri ya Solomo, inadza ... ku Yerusalemu ... kwa mfumu: “N’zoona zimene ndinamva m’dziko langa zokhudza ntchito zanu ndi nzeru zanu.” ( 1 Maf 10,1-7). Mu lipotili, mfundo yaikulu ndi kukokera anthu pa mfundo yaikulu kuti choonadi ndi mayankho zimveke bwino. Mipingo ina masiku ano imatsatira chitsanzo choterocho. Ndilovomerezeka pang'ono, koma sichitsanzo chonse.

Nthawi zambiri Israeli samatumizidwa kunja kwa malire ake kuti akaone ulemerero wa Mulungu. "Sanatumizidwe kupita kwa amitundu ndikulalikira chowonadi chowululidwa choperekedwa kwa anthu a Mulungu" (Petro 1972: 21). Pamene Mulungu anayesa kutumiza uthenga wa kulapa kwa Yona kwa anthu omwe sanali Aisrayeli a ku Nineve, Yona anadabwa kwambiri. Njira yotereyi ndi yapadera (werengani nkhani ya utumiki uwu mu Bukhu la Yona. Imakhalabe yophunzitsa kwa ife lero).

Mitundu ya Chipangano Chatsopano

"Ichi ndi chiyambi cha Uthenga Wabwino wa Yesu Khristu, Mwana wa Mulungu" - umu ndi momwe Marko, mlembi woyamba wa Uthenga Wabwino, amakhazikitsira nkhani ya Mpingo wa Chipangano Chatsopano (Marko 1,1). Zonse ndi za uthenga wabwino, uthenga wabwino, ndipo Akhristu ayenera kukhala ndi “chiyanjano mu uthenga wabwino” (Afilipi. 1,5), ndiko kuti, amakhala ndi kugawana uthenga wabwino wa chipulumutso mwa Khristu. Mawu akuti “Uthenga Wabwino” azikidwa mmenemo – lingaliro la kufalitsa uthenga wabwino, kulengeza chipulumutso kwa osakhulupirira.

Monga momwe ena mwa apo ndi apo anakopeka ndi Israyeli kaamba ka kutchuka kwawo kwa kanthaŵi kochepa, moteronso mosiyana, ambiri anakokeredwa kwa Yesu Kristu kaamba ka kutchuka kwawo ndi chikoka. “Ndipo mbiri yake inamveka m’dziko lonse la Galileya posachedwa (Marko 1,28). Yesu anati: “Bwerani kwa ine.” (Mat 11,28), ndi "Nditsateni!" (Mateyu 9,9). Chitsanzo cha chipulumutso cha kubwera ndi kutsatira chikugwirabe ntchito. Ndi Yesu amene ali ndi mawu a moyo (Yoh 6,68).

Chifukwa chiyani Mission?

Maliko anafotokoza kuti Yesu “anadza ku Galileya nalalikila uthenga wabwino wa ufumu wa Mulungu.” (Maliko 1,14). Ufumu wa Mulungu suli wokha. Yesu anauza ophunzira ake kuti: “Ufumu wa Mulungu uli ngati kambewu kampiru, kamene munthu anatenga, nakafesa m’munda wake; ndipo unakula, nukhala mtengo, ndi mbalame za mumlengalenga zinakhala m’nthambi zake” (Luka 13,18-19). Lingaliro lake ndi lakuti mtengowo ukhale waukulu mokwanira kwa mbalame zonse, osati mtundu umodzi wokha.

Mpingo suli wokha monga momwe mpingo wa Israyeli unaliri. Ndiwophatikiza ndipo uthenga wabwino si wa ife tokha. Tiyenela kukhala mboni zake “mpaka kumalekezelo a dziko lapansi” (Mac 1,8). “Mulungu anatumiza Mwana wake” m’malo mwathu kuti mwa chiombolo titengedwe kukhala ana ake (Agalatiya). 4,4). Chifundo chowombola cha Mulungu kudzera mwa Khristu sichili cha ife tokha, “komanso cha dziko lonse lapansi”.1. Johannes 2,2). Ife amene tiri ana a Mulungu timatumizidwa ku dziko lapansi monga mboni za chisomo chake. Utumwi umatanthauza kuti Mulungu akuti "inde" kwa anthu, "inde, ndili pano ndipo inde, ndikufuna kukupulumutsani."

Kutumiza kudziko lino si ntchito yoti ikwaniritsidwe. Ndi ubale ndi Yesu amene amatitumiza kukagawana ndi ena “ubwino wa Mulungu umene umatsogolera ku kulapa” ( Aroma. 2,4). Ndi chikondi chachifundo cha agape cha Khristu mwa ife chimene chimatilimbikitsa kugawana uthenga wa chikondi ndi ena. “Chikondi cha Khristu chimatilimbikitsa” (2. Akorinto 5,14). Mission imayambira kunyumba. Chilichonse chimene timachita chimagwirizana ndi zochita za Mulungu, amene “anatumiza mzimu woyera m’mitima yathu.” (Agalatiya 4,6). Timatumizidwa ndi Mulungu kwa okwatirana athu, mabanja, makolo, abwenzi, oyandikana nawo, ogwira nawo ntchito ndi omwe timakumana nawo mumsewu, kwa aliyense kulikonse.

Mpingo woyamba unawona cholinga chake pakuchita nawo ntchito yayikulu. Paulo ankaona anthu amene “alibe mawu a mtanda” ngati anthu amene adzatayika ngati uthenga wabwino sulalikidwa kwa iwo.1. Akorinto 1,18). Mosasamala kanthu kuti anthu alabadira uthenga wabwino kapena ayi, okhulupirira ayenera kukhala “fungo la Khristu” kulikonse kumene akupita.2. Akorinto 2,15). Paulo ankadera nkhawa kwambiri anthu amene akumva uthenga wabwino moti ankaona kuti kufalitsa uthengawo ndi udindo. Iye akuti: «Pakuti popeza ndilalikira Uthenga Wabwino, sindingathe kudzitamandira nawo; chifukwa ndiyenera kuchita Ndipo tsoka kwa ine ngati sindilalikira Uthenga Wabwino! (1. Akorinto 9,16). Iye akusonyeza kuti “ali ndi mangawa kwa Agiriki ndi kwa anthu osakhala Agiriki, anzeru ndi opanda nzeru . . . 1,14-15 ndi).

Paulo amafuna kuchita ntchito ya Khristu ndi mtima wa chiyembekezo wodzazidwa ndi chiyamiko, “chifukwa chikondi cha Mulungu chatsanulidwa m’mitima mwathu mwa Mzimu Woyera.” 5,5). Kwa iye ndi mwai wachisomo kukhala mtumwi, ndiko kuti, “wotumidwa” monga ife tonse kukachita ntchito ya Kristu. "Chikhristu ndi chikhalidwe chake chaumishonare kapena chimakana raison d'etre yake", ndiko kuti, cholinga chake chonse chokhalapo (Bosch 1991, 2000: 9).

Mwayi

Mofanana ndi anthu ambiri masiku ano, dziko pa nthawi ya Machitidwe a Atumwi linali lodana ndi uthenga wabwino. “Koma ife timalalikira Khristu wopachikidwa, chokhumudwitsa kwa Ayuda, ndi chopusa kwa amitundu.”1. Akorinto 1,23).

Uthenga Wachikristu sunali wolandiridwa. Okhulupirikawo, mofanana ndi Paulo, “anasautsidwa monsemo, koma opanda mantha . . .2. Akorinto 4,8-9). Nthawi zina magulu onse a okhulupirira asiya uthenga wabwino (2. Timoteo 1,15).

Zinali zovuta kutumizidwa padziko lapansi. Kawirikawiri Akhristu ndi mipingo analipo "penapake pakati pa zoopsa ndi mwayi" (Bosch 1991, 2000: 1).
Pozindikira ndikugwiritsa ntchito mipata, Mpingo unayamba kukula mu chiwerengero ndi kukula mwauzimu. Sanachite mantha kukhala wokakamiza.

Mzimu Woyera amatsogolera okhulupirira mu mwayi wa uthenga wabwino. Kuyambira ndi kulalikira kwa Petro mu Machitidwe 2, Mzimu adagwiritsa ntchito mwayi kwa Khristu. Izi zikufanizidwa ndi zitseko za chikhulupiriro (Mac4,27; 1. Korinto 16,9; Akolose 4,3).

Amuna ndi akazi anayamba kulalikira uthenga wabwino molimba mtima. Anthu monga Filipo mu Machitidwe 8 ​​ndi Paulo, Sila, Timoteo, Akula, ndi Priskila mu Machitidwe 18 pamene anabzala mpingo ku Korinto. Chilichonse chimene okhulupirirawo anachita, ankachichita monga “ogwira nawo ntchito mu Uthenga Wabwino.” (Afilipi 4,3).

Monga mmene Yesu anatumizidwira kuti akhale mmodzi wa ife kuti anthu apulumuke, okhulupirira anatumizidwa chifukwa cha uthenga wabwino kuti “akhale zonse kwa onse” kuti alalikire uthenga wabwino padziko lonse lapansi.1. Akorinto 9,22).

Machitidwe a Atumwi akumaliza ndi Paulo kukwaniritsa lamulo lalikulu laumishonale la Mateyu 28: “Analalikira Ufumu wa Mulungu, naphunzitsa za Ambuye Yesu Kristu ndi kulimbika mtima konse popanda choletsa” ( Machitidwe 28,31). Ndi chitsanzo cha mpingo wa mtsogolo - mpingo wa utumwi.

Zokwanira

Lamulo lalikulu laumishonale ndi lokhudza kupitiriza kulengeza uthenga wabwino wa Khristu. Tonsefe timatumizidwa kudziko lapansi, monganso Khristu anatumizidwa ndi Atate. Izi zikuwonetsa tchalitchi chodzaza ndi okhulupirira omwe akuchita ntchito za Atate.

ndi James Henderson