Pangano Latsopano ndi chiyani?

025 wkg bs pangano latsopano

M’mawonekedwe ake enieni, pangano limalamulira ubale wapakati pa Mulungu ndi anthu monga momwe pangano lachibadwa kapena pangano limalamulira unansi wa anthu aŵiri kapena kuposerapo. Pangano latsopano likugwira ntchito chifukwa Yesu wochita pangano anafa. Kumvetsa zimenezi n’kofunika kwambiri kwa okhulupirira chifukwa chiyanjanitso chimene talandira n’chotheka kudzera mu “mwazi wake pa mtanda,” mwazi wa Pangano Latsopano, mwazi wa Yesu Ambuye wathu (Akolose. 1,20).

Ndi lingaliro la ndani?

Ndikofunikira kumvetsetsa kuti Pangano Latsopano ndi lingaliro la Mulungu ndipo silili lingaliro lopangidwa ndi anthu. Pamene Kristu anayambitsa Mgonero wa Ambuye, Kristu analengeza kwa ophunzira ake kuti: “Uwu ndi mwazi wanga wa pangano latsopano.” ( Marko 1                              ]4,24; Mateyu 26,28). Uwu ndi magazi a pangano losatha” (Aheberi 1).3,20).

Aneneri a chipangano chakale ananeneratu za kubwera kwa pangano limeneli. Yesaya akulongosola mawu a Mulungu “kwa iye wonyozedwa ndi anthu, ndi wonyansidwa ndi amitundu, kwa kapolo wa opondereza . . .9,7-8; onaninso Yesaya 42,6). Uku ndiko kunena momvekera bwino za Mesiya, Yesu Kristu. Mulungu analoseranso kudzera mwa Yesaya kuti: “Ndidzawapatsa mphoto mokhulupirika, ndipo ndidzapangana nawo pangano losatha” ( Yesaya 6 )1,8).

Yeremiya ananenanso za ilo kuti: “Taonani, ikudza nthawi, ati Yehova, pamene ndidzapangana pangano latsopano,” limene “silinali ngati pangano limene ndinapangana ndi makolo awo, pamene ndinawagwira dzanja kuwatsogolera kuwaturutsa. m’dziko la Igupto” (Yeremiya 31,31-32). Izi zikutchedwanso “pangano losatha” (Yeremiya 3).2,40).

Ezekieli akugogomezera mkhalidwe woyanjanitsa wa pangano limeneli. M’chaputala chodziwika bwino cha m’Baibulo chonena za “mafupa ofota” akuti: “Ndikufuna kuchita nawo pangano la mtendere, limene lidzakhala nawo pangano losatha.” ( Ezekieli 37,26). 

Chifukwa chiyani pangano?

Pachiyambi chake, pangano limatanthauza kuyanjana pakati pa Mulungu ndi anthu chimodzimodzi momwe pangano kapena mgwirizano wamba umatanthauza ubale pakati pa anthu awiri kapena kupitilira apo.

Zimenezi n’zapadera m’zipembedzo chifukwa chakuti m’zikhalidwe zakale, nthawi zambiri milungu sakhala ndi maunansi abwino ndi amuna kapena akazi. Yeremiya 32,38 akunena za ubale wapamtima wa panganoli: “Ayenera kukhala anthu anga ndipo ine ndikufuna kukhala Mulungu wawo”.

Frets anali ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito pochita bizinesi ndi zamalamulo. M'nthawi ya Chipangano Chakale, miyambo yonse ya Aisraeli komanso yachikunja idaphatikizapo kukhazikitsa mapangano amunthu ndi nsembe yamagazi kapena miyambo yaying'ono yina kutsimikizira kulimba ndi mgwirizano woyamba. Lero tikuwona chitsanzo chosatha cha lingaliro ili pomwe anthu amasinthana mphete posonyeza kudzipereka kwawo ku pangano laukwati. Mothandizidwa ndi gulu lawo, anthu otchulidwa m'Baibulo adagwiritsa ntchito njira zosiyanasiyana kuti asindikize pangano lawo ndi Mulungu.

"Zikuwonekeratu kuti lingaliro la mgwirizano wa pangano silinali lachilendo kwa Aisrayeli, choncho n'zosadabwitsa kuti Mulungu anagwiritsa ntchito ubale umenewu kusonyeza ubale wake ndi anthu ake" ( Golding 2004: 75 ).

Pangano la Mulungu pakati pa iyeyo ndi anthu n’lofanana ndi mapangano otere amene amapangidwa m’chitaganya, koma alibe udindo wofanana. Lingaliro la kukambirana ndi kusinthanitsa likusowa mu Pangano Latsopano. Komanso, Mulungu ndi munthu si anthu ofanana. "Pangano laumulungu limapita kutali kwambiri kuposa fanizo lake lapadziko lapansi" (Gold, 2004: 74).

Ma fret akale anali amtundu wofanana. Mwachitsanzo, khalidwe lofunidwa limapindula ndi madalitso, ndi zina zotero.Pali chinthu china chobwezera chomwe chimafotokozedwa malinga ndi mfundo zomwe anagwirizana.

Mtundu umodzi wa pangano ndi pangano la chithandizo. M’menemo, ulamuliro wapamwamba, monga ngati mfumu, umapereka chiyanjo chosayenera kwa nzika zake. Pangano la mtundu umenewu tingaliyerekeze bwino ndi pangano latsopano. Mulungu amapereka chisomo chake kwa anthu mopanda malire. Zowonadi, chiyanjanitso chothekera ndi mwazi wa pangano lamuyaya limeneli chinachitika popanda Mulungu kuŵerengera zolakwa zake kwa anthu (1. Akorinto 5,19). Popanda kuchita chilichonse kapena lingaliro la kulapa kumbali yathu, Khristu adatifera ife (Aroma 5,8). Chisomo chimatsogolera khalidwe lachikhristu.

Nanga bwanji za mapangano ena a m'Baibulo?

Ophunzira Baibulo ambiri amatchula mapangano ena anayi kuwonjezera pa Chipangano Chatsopano. Awa ndi mapangano a Mulungu ndi Nowa, Abrahamu, Mose ndi Davide.
M’kalata yake yopita kwa Akhristu omwe sanali Ayuda a ku Efeso, Paulo anawafotokozera kuti iwo anali “alendo kunja kwa pangano la lonjezano”, koma mwa Khristu tsopano anali “amene anali kutali ndi magazi a Khristu”. Aefeso 2,12-13), ndiko kuti, kupyolera mu mwazi wa Pangano Latsopano, umene umatheketsa chiyanjanitso kwa anthu onse.

Mapangano ndi Nowa, Abrahamu, ndi Davide onse ali ndi malonjezo osakwaniritsidwa omwe amakwaniritsidwa mwachindunji mwa Yesu Khristu.

“Ndizisunga monga mmene zinalili m’nthawi ya Nowa, pamene ndinalumbira kuti madzi a Nowa sadzaphwanyiranso padziko lapansi. Choncho ndinalumbira kuti sindikufunanso kukukwiyirani kapena kukudzudzulani. Pakuti mapiri adzagwedezeka, ndi zitunda zidzagwa, koma chisomo changa sichidzachoka kwa iwe, ndipo pangano langa lamtendere silidzagwa, atero Yehova wachifundo chako.”4,9-10).

Paulo akufotokoza kuti Khristu ndiye mbewu yolonjezedwa [mbadwa] ya Abrahamu, choncho okhulupirira onse ndi olowa m’malo a chisomo chopulumutsa (Agalatiya Agalatiya). 3,15-18). “Ngati muli a Khristu, ndiye kuti ndinu ana a Abulahamu ndiponso olandira cholowa mogwirizana ndi lonjezolo.” (Agalatiya Agalatiya 3,29). Pangano la malonjezo okhudzana ndi mzera wa Davide (Yeremiya 23,5; 33,20-21) zikuzindikirika mwa Yesu, “muzu ndi mbewu ya Davide”, Mfumu ya chilungamo (Chibvumbulutso 2).2,16).

Pangano la Mose, lomwe limadziwikanso kuti Chipangano Chakale, linali lokhazikika. Mkhalidwewo unali wakuti madalitso akatsatira ngati Aisrayeli akanatsatira Chilamulo choikidwa cha Mose, makamaka choloŵa cha Dziko Lolonjezedwa, masomphenya amene Kristu akukwaniritsa mwauzimu: “Ndipo chifukwa chake alinso nkhoswe ya chipangano chatsopano, chotero mwa dzanja lake lamanja. amene anadza chifukwa cha chiwombolo ku zolakwa za pangano loyamba, oitanidwawo adzalandira lonjezano la cholowa chosatha.” (Aheb. 9,15).

M'mbuyomu, maphwandowa adaphatikizanso zizindikiro zosonyeza kuti mbali zonse ziwirizi zikupitilirabe. Zizindikiro izi zimanenanso za Pangano Latsopano. Chizindikiro cha pangano ndi Nowa ndi chilengedwe chinali, mwachitsanzo, utawaleza, kugawidwa kokongola kwa kuwala. Khristu ndiye kuunika kwa dziko lapansi (Yoh 8,12; 1,4-9).

Chizindikiro kwa Abrahamu chinali mdulidwe (1. Mose 17,10-11). Zimenezi zikugwirizana ndi kuvomerezana kwa akatswiri ponena za tanthauzo lalikulu la liwu Lachihebri lakuti berith, limene limatembenuzidwa kukhala pangano, liwu logwirizana ndi kudula. Mawu akuti "cut a fret" amagwiritsidwabe ntchito nthawi zina. Yesu, mbewu ya Abrahamu, anadulidwa mogwirizana ndi mchitidwe umenewu (Luka 2,21). Paulo anafotokoza kuti kwa wokhulupirira mdulidwe sulinso wakuthupi koma wauzimu. Pansi pa pangano latsopano, “mdulidwe wa mtima ukuchitika mumzimu, osati mwa chilembo” ( Aroma. 2,29; onaninso Afilipi 3,3).

Sabata linalinso chizindikiro choperekedwa cha Pangano la Mose (2. Mose 31,12-18). Khristu ndiye mpumulo wa ntchito zathu zonse (Mateyu 11,28-30; Ahebri 4,10). Mpumulo uwu ndi wamtsogolo komanso wapano: “Pakuti ngati Yoswa anawatsogolera ku mpumulo, Mulungu sakadanena za tsiku lina pambuyo pake. Choncho mpumulo udakalipo kwa anthu a Mulungu.” (Aheb 4,8-9).

Pangano latsopano lilinso ndi chizindikiro, ndipo si utawaleza kapena mdulidwe kapena Sabata. “N’chifukwa chake Yehova adzakupatsani chizindikiro: taonani, namwali ali ndi pakati, nadzabala mwana wamwamuna, amene adzamutcha dzina lake Emanuele.” 7,14). Chizindikiro choyamba chosonyeza kuti ndife anthu a Pangano Latsopano la Mulungu n’chakuti Mulungu anabwera kudzakhala pakati pathu m’maonekedwe a Mwana wake, Yesu Khristu ( Mateyu. 1,21; Yohane 1,14).

Pangano Latsopano lilinso ndi lonjezo. “Ndipo onani,” akutero Kristu, “ndidzakutsitsirani chimene Atate wanga analonjeza.” ( Luka 24,49), ndipo lonjezo limenelo linali mphatso ya Mzimu Woyera (Mac 2,33; Agalatiya 3,14). Okhulupirira amadindidwa chidindo mu Pangano Latsopano “ndi Mzimu Woyera, amene analonjezedwa, amene ali chikole cha cholowa chathu.” ( Aefeso. 1,13-14). Mkhristu weniweni sadziŵika ndi mdulidwe wamwambo kapena maudindo angapo, koma ndi kukhalamo kwa Mzimu Woyera (Aroma 8,9). Lingaliro la pangano limapereka kufalikira ndi kuzama kwa chidziwitso momwe chisomo cha Mulungu chitha kumveka kwenikweni, mophiphiritsa, mophiphiritsa, komanso mwachifaniziro.

Kodi ndimayendedwe ati omwe akugwirabe ntchito?

Mapangano onse omwe ali pamwambapa aphatikizidwa muulemerero wa pangano latsopano kwamuyaya. Paulo akuwonetsera izi poyerekeza Pangano la Mose, lotchedwanso Pangano Lakale, ndi Pangano Latsopano.
Paulo akulongosola Pangano la Mose kukhala “udindo wa imfa ndi wosema pamiyala ndi zilembo” (2. Akorinto 3,7; onaninso 2. Mose 34,27-28), ndipo akunena kuti ngakhale kuti poyamba unali waulemerero, “palibe ulemu wa ulemerero wonga ulemelero wa chisangalalo,” chisonyezero cha udindo wa Mzimu, m’mawu ena, Chipangano Chatsopano (Chipangano Chatsopano)2. Akorinto 3,10). Khristu ndi “wamtengo wapatali kuposa Mose.” (Aheb 3,3).

Mawu achi Greek akuti pangano, diatheke, amatanthauzanso zokambiranazi. Ikuwonjezera gawo la mgwirizano, womwe ndi chifuniro chomaliza. Mu Chipangano Chakale, mawu oti berith sanagwiritsidwe ntchito mwanjira imeneyi.

Mlembi wa Kalata yopita kwa Ahebri amagwiritsa ntchito kusiyanitsa kwachi Greek kumeneku. Onse a Mose ndi Pangano Latsopano ali ngati mapangano. Pangano la Mose ndilo pangano loyamba [wilo] limene limathetsedwa pamene lachiwiri lilembedwa. “Chotero atola woyamba kugwiritsira ntchito wachiwiri.” (Aheb 10,9). Pakuti pangano loyamba likanakhala losaneneka, palibe malo sakanafunikila lina.” (Aheb 8,7). Pangano Latsopano “sanali ngati pangano limene ndinapangana ndi makolo awo.” (Aheb 8,9).

Chotero Kristu ndiye mkhalapakati wa “pangano labwino koposa lokhazikika pa malonjezano abwinopo.” (Aheb 8,6). Pamene wina alemba chifuniro chatsopano, zofuna zonse zam'mbuyo ndi mawu awo sakhalanso ndi zotsatira, ziribe kanthu momwe zinalili zaulemerero, sizimamanganso komanso zopanda ntchito kwa olowa m'malo. "Ponena kuti:" pangano latsopano, "akulengeza kuti loyamba kukhala lachikale. Koma zimene zachikale komanso zachikale zikuyandikira mapeto ake.” (Aheberi 8,13). Choncho, mawonekedwe akale sangafunike ngati chikhalidwe chochita nawo pangano latsopano (Anderson 2007: 33).

Zoonadi: «Chifukwa pamene pali chifuniro, payenera kuti panachitika imfa ya munthu amene anapanga chifunirocho. Chifukwa chifuniro chimangogwira ntchito pa imfa; sichinagwire ntchito pamene iye amene anachipanga akali ndi moyo ”(Aheb 9,16-17). Kuti zimenezi zitheke, Khristu anafa ndipo timayeretsedwa ndi Mzimu. “Monga mwa chifuniro ichi, tayeretsedwa kamodzi kokha mwa nsembe ya thupi la Yesu Khristu” (Aheberi. 10,10).

Lamulo la dongosolo lansembe la m’Chipangano cha Mose liribe mphamvu, “pakuti sikutheka kuchotsa machimo ndi mwazi wa ng’ombe zamphongo ndi mbuzi” (Aheb. 10,4), ndipo komabe pangano loyamba linathetsedwa kuti akhazikitse lachiwiri (Ahebri 10,9).

Aliyense amene analemba Kalata yopita kwa Aheberi anali ndi nkhawa kuti owerenga ake ankamvetsa tanthauzo la chiphunzitso cha Chipangano Chatsopano. Kodi mukukumbukira kuti pangano lakale linali lotani pamene linafika kwa anthu amene anakana Mose? “Ngati munthu waphwanya chilamulo cha Mose, ayenera kufa popanda chifundo pa mboni ziwiri kapena zitatu.” (Aheb 10,28).

“Mukuganiza kuti ndi chilango choopsa chotani nanga chimene anthu amene akuponda Mwana wa Mulungu ndi amene amaona kuti magazi a pangano amene anayeretsedwa nawo ndi odetsedwa ndiponso onyoza mzimu wa chisomo.” ( Aheberi 10,29)?

Zokwanira

Pangano latsopano likugwira ntchito chifukwa Yesu wochita pangano anafa. Kumvetsa zimenezi n’kofunika kwambiri kwa okhulupirira chifukwa chiyanjanitso chimene talandira n’chotheka kudzera mu “mwazi wake pa mtanda,” mwazi wa Pangano Latsopano, mwazi wa Yesu Ambuye wathu (Akolose. 1,20).

ndi James Henderson