Mateyu 6: Ulaliki wa pa Phiri

393 Mateyu 6 ulaliki wa pa phiriYesu amaphunzitsa muyezo wapamwamba wa chilungamo womwe umafuna kukhala ndi mtima wachilungamo mkati. Ndi mawu okhumudwitsa, amatichenjeza za mkwiyo, chigololo, malumbiro, ndi kubwezera. Akuti tiyenera kukonda adani athu (Mateyu 5). Afarisi ankadziwika ndi malangizo okhwima, koma chilungamo chathu chiyenera kukhala chabwino kuposa cha Afarisi (zimene zingakhale zodabwitsa tikaiŵala zimene poyamba ulaliki wa paphiri unalonjeza za chifundo). Chilungamo chenicheni ndicho mkhalidwe wamumtima. M’mutu wachisanu ndi chimodzi wa Uthenga Wabwino wa Mateyu, tikuona Yesu akumveketsa bwino nkhani imeneyi mwa kutsutsa chipembedzo monga chionetsero.

Chikondi mwachinsinsi

«Samalirani kupembedza kwanu, kuti musamachite pamaso pa anthu kuti awawone; ngati mutero mulibe mphotho kwa Atate wanu wa Kumwamba. Ngati mupereka zachifundo tsopano, musalole kuti lipenga liwombe pamaso panu, monga amachita onyenga m’masunagoge ndi m’misewu, kuti atamandidwe ndi anthu. Indetu ndinena kwa inu: Iwo alandira kale malipiro awo » ( v. 1-2 ).

M’nthawi ya Yesu panali anthu amene ankadzionetsera kuti ndi achipembedzo. Iwo ankaonetsetsa kuti anthu azimvera ntchito zawo zabwino. Chifukwa cha ichi adalandira kuzindikirika kuchokera kumbali zambiri. Ndizo zonse zomwe amapeza, akutero Yesu, chifukwa zomwe akuchita ndikungochita. Nkhawa yawo sinali kutumikira Mulungu, koma kuoneka bwino pamaso pa anthu; maganizo oti Mulungu sadzawalipira. Khalidwe lachipembedzo lingathenso kuwonedwa lerolino pa maguwa, pochita utumiki, pochititsa phunziro la Baibulo kapena m’nkhani za m’manyuzipepala a tchalitchi. Dyetsani osauka ndi kulalikira Uthenga Wabwino. Kunja kumawoneka ngati utumiki wowona mtima, koma maganizo angakhale osiyana kwambiri. “Koma pamene upereka zachifundo, dzanja lako lamanzere lisadziwe chimene dzanja lako lamanja likuchita, kuti zachifundo zako zibisika; ndipo Atate wako wakuona mseri adzakubwezera iwe ”(v. 3-4).

N’zoona kuti “dzanja” lathu silidziwa chilichonse chokhudza zochita zathu. Yesu anagwiritsa ntchito mawu osonyeza kuti kupereka mphatso zachifundo sikungofuna kudzionetsera, kupindulitsa ena, kapena kudzitamandira. Timatero chifukwa cha Mulungu, osati chifukwa cha mbiri yathu. Sitiyenera kutengeka zenizeni kuti zachifundo zimangochitika mwachinsinsi. Yesu ananena kale kuti ntchito zathu zabwino ziyenera kuonekera kuti anthu atamande Mulungu (Mat 5,16). Cholinga chake ndi pa kawonedwe kathu, osati pa mphamvu zathu zakunja. Cholinga chathu chiyenera kukhala kuchita ntchito zabwino ku ulemerero wa Mulungu, osati kudzipezera ulemerero.

Pemphero mwachinsinsi

Yesu ananenanso zofanana ndi zimenezi ponena za pemphero: “Ndipo pamene mupemphera, musakhale ngati onyenga, amene amakonda kuimirira m’masunagoge ndi m’mphambano za misewu ndi kupemphera kuti anthu awaone. Indetu ndinena kwa inu, Iwo alandira kale malipiro awo. Koma iwe popemphera, lowa m’chipinda chako, nutseke chitseko, nupemphere kwa Atate wako ali mseri; ndipo Atate wanu wakuwona zobisika adzakubwezerani inu mphotho” ( vv. 5-6 ). Yesu sanapereke lamulo latsopano loletsa kupemphera pagulu. Nthawi zina ngakhale Yesu ankapemphera pamaso pa anthu. Mfundo ndi yakuti, sitiyenera kupemphera kuti anthu atione, komanso tizipewa kupemphera chifukwa choopa kuti anthu angatione. Pemphero limalambira Mulungu ndipo silipezeka kuti lidzionetsere bwino.

Ndipo pamene mupemphera musabwebwe zambiri, monga akunja; chifukwa akuganiza kuti adzamveka ngati alankhula mawu ambiri. Choncho musafanane nawo. Pakuti Atate wanu akudziwa zimene mukusowa musanapemphe ”(vv. 7-8). Mulungu amadziwa zosowa zathu, koma tiyenera kumupemphabe (Afilipi 4,6) ndi kulimbikira ( Luka 18,1-8 ndi). Kupambana kwa pemphero kumadalira Mulungu, osati ife. Sitiyenera kufikira kuchuluka kwa mawu kapena kumamatira ku nthawi yochepa, kapena kukhala ndi malo apadera a pemphero, kapena kusankha mawu abwino. Yesu anatipatsa chitsanzo cha pemphero losavuta. Itha kukhala chitsogozo. Mapangidwe ena amalandiridwanso.

“N’chifukwa chake muyenera kupemphera motere: Atate wathu wakumwamba! Dzina lanu liyeretsedwe. Ufumu wanu udze. Kufuna kwanu kuchitidwe, monga kumwamba chomwecho pansi pano ” ( vv. 9-10 ). Pempheroli limayamba ndi matamando ang'onoang'ono - palibe chovuta, kungofotokoza zokhumba kuti Mulungu alemekezedwe ndi kuti anthu amvere chifuniro chake. “Mutipatse ife lero chakudya chathu chalero” (v. 11). Apa tikuvomereza kuti moyo wathu umadalira Atate wathu Wamphamvuyonse. Ngakhale kuti tingapite kusitolo kukagula buledi ndi zinthu zina, tiyenera kukumbukira kuti Mulungu ndi amene amachititsa zimenezi. Timadalira iye tsiku lililonse. “Ndipo mutikhululukire mangawa athu, monga ifenso tiwakhululukira amangawa athu. Ndipo musatitengere kokatiyesa, koma mutipulumutse kwa woipayo ”(vv. 12-13). Kuphatikiza pa chakudya, timafunikiranso ubale ndi Mulungu - ubale womwe nthawi zambiri timaunyalanyaza ndi chifukwa chake nthawi zambiri timafunikira chikhululukiro. Pempheroli limatikumbutsanso kuti tikapempha Mulungu kuti atichitire chifundo, tiyenera kuchitira ena chifundo. Tonse si zimphona zauzimu - timafuna thandizo laumulungu kuti tipewe mayesero.

Apa Yesu akumaliza pempherolo ndipo pomaliza akuwonetsanso udindo wathu wokhululukirana wina ndi mnzake. Tikamvetsetsa bwino mmene Mulungu alili wabwino ndiponso mmene zolakwa zathu zilili zazikulu, m’pamenenso tidzamvetsetsa kuti tifunika chifundo ndi kukhala ofunitsitsa kukhululukira ena (vv. 14-15). Tsopano zikuwoneka ngati kusungitsa: "Ndichita izi mukadzapanganso". Vuto limodzi lalikulu ndi loti anthu sakhululuka. Palibe aliyense wa ife amene ali wangwiro ndipo palibe aliyense wa ife amene amakhululuka. Kodi Yesu akufuna kuti tichite chinthu chimene ngakhale Mulungu sangachite? Kodi n'zotheka kuti tingafunike kukhululukira ena popanda zifukwa zomveka, pamene iye amaika chikhululukiro chake mopanda malire? Ngati Mulungu anachititsa kuti chikhululukirocho chikhale chodalira pa kukhululuka kwathu, ndipo ifenso tichita chimodzimodzi, ndiye kuti sitingakhululukire ena kufikira iwonso akhululuka. Tingakhale tikuima pamzere wopanda malire womwe susuntha. Ngati chikhululukiro chathu chazikidwa pa kukhululukira ena, ndiye kuti chipulumutso chathu chimadalira pa zimene timachita – ntchito zathu. Ichi ndichifukwa chake tili ndi vuto la zamulungu ndi zochitika pamene tikulankhula za Mateyu 6,14Tengani -15 kwenikweni. Pa nthawiyi tikhoza kuwonjezera pa mfundo yakuti Yesu anafera machimo athu tisanabadwe n’komwe. Lemba limati iye anakhomerera machimo athu pa mtanda ndi kuyanjanitsa dziko lonse kwa Iye.

Kumbali imodzi, Mateyu 6 akutiphunzitsa kuti kukhululuka kwathu kumawoneka ngati kuli koyenera. Kumbali ina, Malemba amatiphunzitsa kuti machimo athu akhululukidwa kale - zomwe zingaphatikizepo tchimo lolephera kukhululukidwa. Kodi malingaliro awiriwa angagwirizane bwanji? Ife mwina sitinamvetse mavesi a mbali imodzi kapena mbali inayo. Tsopano titha kuwonjezeranso mfundo ina ku mfundo zimene Yesu kaŵirikaŵiri anagwiritsira ntchito mawu okokomeza m’zokamba zake. Ngati diso lako likunyengerera, ulikolowole. Pamene mukupemphera, lowani mu chipinda chanu chaching'ono (koma Yesu sanali kupemphera nthawi zonse m'nyumba). Popatsa osowa, dzanja lako lamanzere lisadziwe chimene lamanja likuchita. Osatsutsa munthu woyipa (koma Paulo adachita). Osanena zambiri kuposa inde kapena ayi (koma Paulo anatero). Musamatchule aliyense bambo - komabe, tonse timatero.

Kuchokera apa tikutha kuona kuti mu Mateyu 6,14-15 Chitsanzo china cha kukokomeza chinagwiritsidwa ntchito. Izi sizikutanthauza kuti tiyenera kuzinyalanyaza - Yesu ankafuna kusonyeza kufunika kokhululukira anthu ena. Ngati tikufuna kuti Mulungu atikhululukire, ifenso tiyenera kukhululukira ena. Ngati tifuna kukhala mu ufumu umene tinakhululukidwa, tiyenera kukhala nawo mofananamo. Monga momwe timafunira kukondedwa ndi Mulungu, tiyeneranso kukonda anthu anzathu. Ngati tilephera, chikhalidwe cha Mulungu pa chikondi sichidzasintha. Khalani owona, ngati tikufuna kukondedwa, ifenso tiyenera kukondedwa. Ngakhale kuti zikumveka ngati zonsezi zimadalira kuyenera kukwaniritsidwa, cholinga cha zomwe zikunenedwazo ndikulimbikitsa chikondi ndi kukhululuka. Paulo anaupanga monga lamulo lakuti: “Pitirilanani, ndi kukhululukirana eni okha, ngati wina wadandaulira mnzake; monga Yehova anakukhululukirani, inunso mukhululukire.” (Akolose 3,13). Ichi ndi chitsanzo; sichofunikira.

M’Pemphero la Ambuye timapempha chakudya chathu chatsiku ndi tsiku, ngakhale (nthawi zambiri) tili nacho kale m’nyumba. Mofananamo, timapempha kuti atikhululukile ngakhale kuti tinacilandila kale. Kumeneku ndi kuvomereza kuti tinalakwa ndipo kumakhudza ubale wathu ndi Mulungu, koma ndi chidaliro chakuti Iye ndi wokonzeka kutikhululukira. Ndi mbali ya tanthauzo la kuyembekezera chipulumutso monga mphatso osati chinthu chimene tingayenerere chifukwa cha zimene tachita.

Kusala mobisa

Yesu anatchula khalidwe lina lachipembedzo kuti: “Pamene musala kudya, musamawoneke ngati okwiya ngati onyengawo; chifukwa abisa nkhope zawo kudziwonetsera kwa anthu ndi kusala kwawo. Indetu ndinena kwa inu, Iwo alandira kale malipiro awo. Koma iwe posala kudya, dzola mutu wako, ndi kusamba nkhope yako, kuti usadzionetsere wekha kwa anthu ndi kusala kudya, koma kwa Atate wako amene ali mseri; ndipo Atate wanu wakuwona zobisika adzakupatsani mphotho ” ( vv. 16-18 ). Tikasala kudya, timachapa ndi kupesa monga mwa nthawi zonse, chifukwa timafika pamaso pa Mulungu osati kudzakopa anthu. Apanso chigogomezero chiri pa khalidwe; sikuli kuzindikirika ndi kusala kudya. Ngati wina atifunsa ngati tikusala kudya, tikhoza kuyankha moona mtima – koma tisayembekezere kufunsidwa. Cholinga chathu si kukopa chidwi, koma kufunafuna kuyandikira kwa Mulungu.

Yesu ananenanso mfundo yofanana pa nkhani zonse zitatu. Kaya tipereka zachifundo, kupemphera kapena kusala kudya, zimachitika “mobisika”. Sitiyesa kugometsa anthu, koma sitiwabisira. Timatumikira Mulungu ndi kulemekeza iye yekha. Iye adzatipatsa mphoto. Mphoto yake, mofanana ndi ntchito yathu, ingakhale mobisa. Ndi zenizeni ndipo zimachitika mogwirizana ndi ubwino wake waumulungu.

Chuma chakumwamba

Tiyeni tiike maganizo athu pa kusangalatsa Mulungu. Tichite chifuniro chake ndi kuyamikira mphoto zake kuposa mphoto zosakhalitsa za dziko lapansi. Kuyamika pagulu ndi njira yanthawi yochepa ya mphotho. Apa Yesu akulankhula za kusinthasintha kwa zinthu zakuthupi. “Musatole chuma padziko lapansi, kumene njenjete ndi dzimbiri zimadya, ndiponso pamene mbala zimathyola ndi kuba. Koma mudzikundikire nokha chuma kumwamba, kumene sadya njenjete kapena dzimbiri, ndi kumene mbala siziboola ndi kuba ” ( vv. 19-20 ). Chuma chapadziko lapansi sichikhalitsa. Yesu akutilangiza kuti titsate njira yabwino yopezera ndalama - kufunafuna zokhazikika za Mulungu kudzera muchifundo chachete, kupemphera kosawoneka bwino, komanso kusala kudya mobisa.

Ngati titenga Yesu monga momwe amachitira, wina angaganize kuti anali kupanga lamulo loletsa kusunga zaka zopuma pantchito. Koma kwenikweni zimakhudza mtima wathu - zomwe timaziona kukhala zofunika. Tiyenera kuyamikira mphoto zakumwamba kuposa chuma chathu chapadziko lapansi. “Pakuti kumene kuli chuma chako, mtima wako umakhalanso komweko” (v. 21). Tikapeza zinthu zamtengo wapatali zimene Mulungu amaona kuti n’zamtengo wapatali, mitima yathu imatsogoleranso khalidwe lathu moyenera.

“Diso ndilo kuunika kwa thupi; Pamene maso ako akuchulukira, thupi lako lonse lidzakhala lopepuka. Koma ngati diso lako lili loipa, thupi lako lonse lidzakhala lodetsedwa. Ngati kuunika komwe kuli mwa iwe kuli mdima, mdimawo udzakhala waukulu bwanji! ( Mav. 22-23 ). Mwachionekere Yesu akugwiritsa ntchito mwambi wa m’nthawi yake ndi kuugwiritsa ntchito pa umbombo wa ndalama. Tikamaona zinthu zoyenera m’njira yoyenera, tidzaona mipata yochitira zabwino ndi kukhala owolowa manja. Komabe, tikakhala odzikonda ndi ansanje, timalowa mumdima wamakhalidwe - oipitsidwa ndi zizolowezi zathu. Kodi timafunafuna chiyani m'moyo wathu - kutenga kapena kupereka? Kodi maakaunti athu aku banki amakhazikitsidwa kuti atithandize kapena amatilola kutumikira ena? Zolinga zathu zimatitsogolera zabwino kapena kutisokoneza. Ngati m’kati mwathu mwavunda, ngati tingofunafuna mphotho za dziko lapansi, ndiye kuti ndife oipitsidwadi. Zomwe zimatilimbikitsa Ndindalama kapena ndi mulungu? “Palibe amene angatumikire ambuye awiri: kapena adzadana ndi mmodzi ndi kukonda winayo, kapena adzakangamira kwa mmodzi ndi kunyoza winayo. Simungathe kutumikira Mulungu ndi Chuma” (v. 24). Sitingathe kutumikira Mulungu ndi maganizo a anthu nthawi imodzi. Tiyenera kutumikira Mulungu yekha popanda mpikisano.

Kodi munthu akanatha bwanji “kutumikira” chuma? Pokhulupirira kuti ndalama zimam'bweretsera chimwemwe, zimam'pangitsa kuwoneka wamphamvu kwambiri komanso kuti amaziona kukhala zofunika kwambiri. Malingaliro awa ndi oyenera kwa Mulungu. Iye ndiye amene angatipatse chimwemwe, ndiye gwero lenileni la chisungiko ndi moyo; iye ndiye mphamvu imene ingatithandize kwambiri. Tiyenera kumulemekeza kwambiri kuposa china chilichonse chifukwa ndi amene amakhala patsogolo.

Chitetezo chenicheni

“Chifukwa chake ndinena kwa inu, musadere nkhaŵa… chimene mudzadya ndi chimene mudzamwa; ...mudzavala chiyani. Akunja amafunafuna zonsezi. Pakuti Atate wanu wakumwamba akudziwa kuti mukusowa zonsezi ” ( vv. 25-32 ). Mulungu ndi Atate wabwino ndipo adzatisamalira akadzatenga malo apamwamba kwambiri m’miyoyo yathu. Sitiyenera kuda nkhawa ndi maganizo a anthu kapena kudera nkhawa ndalama kapena katundu. “Muthange mwafuna Ufumu wa Mulungu ndi chilungamo chake, ndipo zonse zidzagwera kwa inu.” ( v. 33 ) Tidzakhala ndi moyo wautali wokwanira kuti tikhale ndi chakudya chokwanira ndi kupatsidwa mokwanira ngati timakonda Mulungu.

Wolemba Michael Morrison


keralaMateyu 6: Ulaliki wa pa Phiri (3)