Chiyanjano cha moyo ndi Mulungu

394 kukhala pamodzi ndi mulunguIm 2. M’zaka za m’ma AD, Marcion ananena kuti Chipangano Chakale (OT) chichotsedwe. Iye anali ataika pamodzi Baibulo lake la Chipangano Chatsopano (NT) mothandizidwa ndi Uthenga Wabwino wa Luka ndi makalata ena a Paulo, koma anachotsa mawu onse a mu OT chifukwa ankakhulupirira kuti Mulungu wa OT sanali wofunika kwambiri; ndiye mulungu wa fuko la Israyeli yekha. Chifukwa cha kufalikira kwa lingaliro limeneli, Marcion anachotsedwa mu chiyanjano cha tchalitchi. Mpingo woyamba ndiye unayamba kusonkhanitsa mabuku ake a Mauthenga Abwino ndi makalata onse a Paulo. Tchalitchi chinasunganso Chipangano Chatsopano monga gawo la Baibulo, kukhulupirira kotheratu kuti nkhani zake zimatithandiza kumvetsetsa kuti Yesu anali ndani ndiponso zimene anachita kuti tipulumutsidwe.

Kwa ambiri, Chipangano Chakale ndi chosokoneza kwambiri - chosiyana kwambiri ndi NT. Mbiri yakale ndi nkhondo zambiri zikuoneka kuti sizikugwirizana kwambiri ndi Yesu kapena moyo wachikristu wa masiku athu ano. Kumbali imodzi, pali malamulo ndi malamulo oti azitsatiridwa mu Chipangano Chakale ndipo mbali inayo zikuwoneka ngati Yesu ndi Paulo akupatuka kwa icho kwathunthu. Kumbali ina timawerenga za Chiyuda chakale ndipo mbali inayo ndi za Chikhristu.

Pali magulu azipembedzo omwe amawona OT mozama kuposa madera ena; amasunga Sabata monga “tsiku lachisanu ndi chiwiri”, amasunga malamulo a kadyedwe a Aisrayeli ndipo amakondwereranso maphwando ena apachaka Achiyuda. Akhristu ena samawerenga konse Chipangano Chakale ndipo amafanana ndi Marcion wotchulidwa pachiyambi. Akhristu ena amadana ndi Ayuda. Mwatsoka, pamene chipani cha Nazi chinali kulamulira Germany, mkhalidwe umenewu unachirikizidwa ndi matchalitchi. Izi zidawonetsedwanso pakudana ndi OT ndi Ayuda.

Komabe, zolembedwa za Chipangano Chakale zili ndi mawu onena za Yesu Khristu (Yoh 5,39; Luka 24,27) ndipo tingachite bwino kumva zomwe akunena kwa ife. Amavumbulanso cholinga chachikulu cha kukhalapo kwa munthu ndi chifukwa chake Yesu anabwera kudzatipulumutsa. Chipangano Chakale ndi Chatsopano chimachitira umboni kuti Mulungu akufuna kukhala m’chiyanjano ndi ife. Kucokela m’munda wa Edeni mpaka ku Yerusalemu Watsopano, colinga ca Mulungu n’cakuti tizikhala mogwilizana naye.

M’munda wa Edeni

Im 1. Buku la Mose limafotokoza mmene Mulungu Wamphamvuyonse analengera chilengedwe chonse mwa kungotchula zinthu mayina. Mulungu adati: “Zidzachitika ndipo zidachitikadi. Anapereka lamulo ndipo zinangochitika. Mosiyana, ndi lipoti 2. Mutu wochokera ku 1. Buku la Mose lonena za mulungu amene anadetsa manja ake. Ndipo adalowa m’chilengedwe chake, naumba munthu ndi nthaka, nabzala mitengo m’mundamo, nampanga munthu mnzake.

Palibe zolembedwa zomwe zimatipatsa chithunzi chonse cha zomwe zidachitika, koma mbali zosiyanasiyana za Mulungu m'modzi yemweyo zitha kudziwika. Ngakhale kuti anali ndi mphamvu zolenga zinthu zonse kudzera m’mawu ake, iye anasankha kuchitapo kanthu polenga anthu. Iye analankhula ndi Adamu, anabweretsa nyama kwa iye n’kukonza chilichonse kuti azisangalala kukhala ndi mnzake.

Ngakhale kuti 3. Mutu wochokera ku 1. Bukhu la Mose limasimba za chochitika chomvetsa chisoni, monga momwe limasonyezanso kukhumbitsa kwakukulu kwa Mulungu kwa anthu. Anthu atachimwa kwa nthawi yoyamba, Mulungu anadutsa m’mundamo monga mmene ankachitira nthawi zonse (Genesis 3,8). Mulungu Wamphamvuyonse anali ndi thupi la munthu ndipo mapazi ake ankamveka. Iye akanangowonekera modzidzimutsa ngati akanafuna, koma anasankha kukumana ndi mwamuna ndi mkaziyo mwaumunthu. Mwachiwonekere izo sizinamudabwitse iye; Mulungu adzakhala atayenda nawo m’mundamo ndi kulankhula nawo nthawi zambiri.

Mpaka pano analibe mantha, koma tsopano mantha adawagonjetsa ndipo adabisala. Ngakhale kuti anachoka paubwenzi ndi Mulungu, Mulungu sanatero. Iye akanatha kuchoka mokwiya, koma sanasiye zolengedwa zake. Panalibe mphezi zong’anima za mabingu kapena chisonyezero china chirichonse cha mkwiyo waumulungu.

Mulungu anafunsa mwamuna ndi mkazi zimene zinachitika ndipo anayankha. Kenako adawafotokozera zotsatira za zochita zawozo. Kenako anapereka zovala (Genesis 3,21) ndipo anaonetsetsa kuti sanafunikire kukhalabe paumphawi ndi manyazi mpaka kalekale (Genesis 3,22-23). M’buku loyamba la Mose timaphunzira za makambitsirano a Mulungu ndi Kaini, Nowa, Abramu, Hagara, Abimeleki ndi ena. Chofunika kwambiri kwa ife ndi lonjezo limene Mulungu anapanga kwa Abrahamu: “Ndidzakhazikitsa pangano langa pakati pa ine ndi iwe ndi mbewu zako ku mibadwomibadwo, kuti likhale pangano losatha.” ( Genesis 17,1-8 ndi). Mulungu analonjeza kuti adzakhala pa ubwenzi wosatha ndi anthu ake.

Kusankhidwa kwa anthu

Ambiri akudziwa mbali zazikulu za nkhani ya kusamuka kwa anthu a Israyeli ku Igupto: Mulungu anaitana Mose, anabweretsa miliri ku Aigupto, anatsogolera Aisrayeli kudutsa Nyanja Yofiira mpaka ku phiri la Sinai ndipo kumeneko anawapatsa Malamulo Khumi. Tikamatero, nthawi zambiri timanyalanyaza chifukwa chimene Mulungu anachitira zonsezi. Mulungu anauza Mose kuti: “Ndidzakulandirani monga anthu anga ndipo ndidzakhala Mulungu wanu.” ( Eks 6,7). Mulungu anafuna kukhazikitsa ubale waumwini. Mapangano aumwini monga maukwati anapangidwa panthaŵiyo ndi mawu akuti, “Iwe udzakhala mkazi wanga ndipo ine ndidzakhala mwamuna wako”. Kulera ana (kawirikawiri kaamba ka cholowa) kunasindikizidwa ndi mawu akuti, “Iwe udzakhala mwana wanga ndipo ine ndidzakhala atate wako”. Pamene Mose analankhula ndi Farao, anagwira mawu a Mulungu akuti: “Israyeli ndiye mwana wanga woyamba; ndipo ndikukulamula kuti ulole mwana wanga apite kuti azinditumikira.” (Eks 4,22-23). Anthu a Israeli anali ana ake - banja lake - opatsidwa masanzi.

Mulungu anapatsa anthu ake pangano limene linawalola kuwafikira mwachindunji (2. Mose 19,5-6) - koma anthu adafunsa Mose kuti: «Iwe lankhula nafe, tikufuna kumva; koma Mulungu asalankhule nafe, kuti tingafe” ( Eksodo 2:20,19 ). Mofanana ndi Adamu ndi Hava, mantha anamugonjetsa. Mose anakwera phirilo kuti akalandire malangizo ochokera kwa Mulungu4,19). Ndiye pali mitu yosiyanasiyana ya chihema, kukhazikitsidwa kwake, ndi malamulo a kulambira. Pamwamba pa mfundo zonsezi tisaiwale cholinga cha zonsezi: “Akandipangire ine malo opatulika, kuti ndikhale pakati pawo.” ( Eksodo 2 Akor.5,8).

Kuyambira ndi Munda wa Edeni, kudzera m'malonjezo kwa Abrahamu, kudzera mu chisankho cha anthu kuchokera muukapolo ngakhale mpaka muyaya, Mulungu akufuna kukhala m'chiyanjano ndi anthu ake. Chihema chinali malo amene Mulungu ankakhala ndi anthu ake ndipo ankatha kumupeza. Yehova anauza Mose kuti: “Ndidzakhala pakati pa ana a Isiraeli ndi kukhala Mulungu wawo, kuti adziwe kuti ine ndine Yehova Mulungu wawo, amene ndinawatulutsa m’dziko la Iguputo kuti ndikhale nawo limodzi.” ( Eksodo 29,45-46).

Mulungu atasamutsira utsogoleri kwa Yoswa, analamula Mose zoti anene kwa iye kuti: “Yehova Mulungu wanu adzamuka nanu, sadzachotsa dzanja lake, sadzakutayani.” ( Yoh.5. Mose 31,6-8 ndi). Lonjezo limenelo likugwiranso ntchito kwa ife lero (Ahebri 13,5). N’chifukwa chake Mulungu analenga anthu kuyambira pachiyambi ndipo anatumiza Yesu kuti adzatipulumutse: “Ndife anthu ake. Iye amafuna kukhala nafe.    

Wolemba Michael Morrison


keralaChiyanjano cha moyo ndi Mulungu