Tsiku la Lipenga

557 tsiku la lipengaMu September Ayuda amakondwerera Tsiku la Chaka Chatsopano "Rosh Hashanah", kutanthauza "mutu wa chaka" mu Chihebri. Ndi mbali ya mwambo wa Ayuda kuti amadya chidutswa cha mutu wa nsomba, kusonyeza mutu wa chaka ndi kunena kuti “Leschana towa” kutanthauza kuti “Khalani ndi chaka chabwino!” kumatanthauza kunena moni. Malinga ndi mwambo, pali kugwirizana pakati pa tsiku la phwando la Rosh Hashanah ndi tsiku lachisanu ndi chimodzi la sabata la chilengedwe, pamene Mulungu adalenga munthu.
M’malemba Achihebri a 3. Buku la Mose 23,24 tsiku amapatsidwa monga "Sikron Terua", kutanthauza "Tsiku la Chikumbutso ndi Lipenga Bubbles". Ichi ndichifukwa chake tsiku laphwandoli limatchedwa "Tsiku la Trumpet" m'Chijeremani.

Arabi ambiri amaphunzitsa kuti pa Rosh Hashanah shofar iyenera kuwombedwa nthaŵi zosachepera 100, kuphatikizapo kambirimbiri ka 30, kusonyeza chiyembekezo cha kubwera kwa Mesiya. Malinga ndi magwero achiyuda, pali mitundu itatu ya beep yomwe idawombedwa patsikuli:

  • Tekia - Liwu lalitali lopitirira monga chizindikiro cha chiyembekezo mu mphamvu ya Mulungu ndi matamando kuti iye ndi Mulungu (wa Israeli).
  • Shevarim - Zing'onozing'ono zitatu zododometsedwa zomwe zikuyimira kulira ndi kulira za machimo ndi anthu akugwa.
  • Teru'a - Matoni asanu ndi anayi ofulumira, owoneka ngati staccato (ofanana ndi kamvekedwe ka koloko ya alamu) kuti awonetse mitima yosweka ya iwo omwe abwera pamaso pa Mulungu.

Aisrayeli akale poyambirira ankagwiritsa ntchito nyanga za nkhosa polira malipenga awo. Koma patapita nthawi, izi zinakhala ngati ife 4. Anaphunzira Mose 10, m'malo mwake ndi malipenga (malipenga) asiliva. Kugwiritsa ntchito malipenga kumatchulidwa nthawi 72 mu Chipangano Chakale.

Malipenga ankaimbidwa pofuna kuchenjeza anthu za ngozi, kuitanira anthu ku msonkhano wa chikondwerero, kulengeza zilengezo komanso kuitana anthu kuti alambire Mulungu. Pa nthawi ya nkhondo, malipenga ankagwiritsidwa ntchito pokonzekeretsa asilikali kuti apite kukamenya nkhondo. Kufika kwa mfumu kunalengezedwanso ndi malipenga.

Masiku ano akhristu ena amakondwerera tsiku la malipenga ngati tsiku laphwando ndi utumiki ndipo amaphatikiza izi ndi kutchula zochitika zamtsogolo, kubweranso kwachiwiri kwa Yesu kapena mkwatulo wa mpingo.

Yesu ndiye mandala omwe tingathe kumasulira bwino Baibulo lonse. Tsopano tikumvetsa Chipangano Chakale (chomwe chimaphatikizapo Chipangano Chakale) kupyolera mu lens la Chipangano Chatsopano (ndi Pangano Latsopano limene Yesu Khristu anakwaniritsa mokwanira). Ngati tibwerera m'mbuyo, malingaliro olakwika adzatipangitsa kukhulupirira kuti Pangano Latsopano silidzayamba mpaka kubweranso kwachiwiri kwa Yesu. Lingaliro ili ndi kulakwitsa kwakukulu. Ena amakhulupirira kuti tili m’nyengo ya kusintha pakati pa mapangano akale ndi atsopano ndipo chotero timakakamizika kusunga masiku a madyerero Achihebri.
Pangano lakale linali la kanthawi ndipo limaphatikizapo tsiku la malipenga. "Ponena kuti: pangano latsopano, adapanga loyamba kukhala lakale. Koma chimene chimakalamba ndi kukalamba chili pafupi ndi mapeto.” (Aheb 8,17). Anagwiritsidwa ntchito kulengeza Mesiya wakudza kwa anthu. Kuliza kwa malipenga pa Rosh Hashanah sikungosonyeza chiyambi cha kalendala ya madyerero apachaka mu Israyeli, komanso kumalengeza uthenga wa tsiku lachikondwerero limeneli: “Mfumu yathu ikudza!

Madyerero a Israyeli makamaka amagwirizanitsidwa ndi kukolola. Chikondwerero choyamba cha tirigu chisanachitike, “Phwando la Mtolo wa Zipatso Zoyamba”, “Paskha” ndi “Phwando la Mikate Yopanda Chotupitsa” linachitika. Masiku pambuyo pake, Aisrayeli anachita chikondwerero cha kututa tirigu, “Phwando la Masabata” (Pentekosti) ndi m’dzinja chikondwerero chachikulu chakututa, “Phwando la Misasa”. Komanso, madyererowo ali ndi tanthauzo lalikulu lauzimu ndi laulosi.

Kwa ine, gawo lofunika kwambiri la tsiku la malipenga ndi mmene likulozera kwa Yesu ndi mmene Yesu anakwaniritsira zonsezi pamene anabwera koyamba. Yesu anakwaniritsa tsiku la malipenga kudzera mu thupi lake, ntchito yake yochotsera machimo, imfa yake ndi kuuka kwake. Kupyolera mu “zochitika m’moyo wa Kristu” zimenezi Mulungu sanangokwaniritsa pangano lake ndi Israyeli (pangano lakale), koma anasintha nthaŵi zonse kwamuyaya. Yesu ndiye mutu wa chaka - mutu, Ambuye wa nthawi zonse, makamaka chifukwa analenga nthawi. “Iye (Yesu) ndiye chifaniziro cha Mulungu wosaonekayo, woyamba kubadwa chisanachitike chilengedwe chonse. Pakuti mwa iye zonse zinalengedwa zakumwamba ndi zapadziko lapansi, zooneka ndi zosaoneka, mipando yachifumu, maulamuliro, mphamvu, kapena maulamuliro; zonse zinalengedwa mwa Iye, ndi kwa Iye. Ndipo iye ali pamwamba pa zonse, ndipo zonse zikhala mwa iye. Ndipo iye ndiye mutu wa thupi, ndiye wa Eklesia. Iye ndiye chiyambi, woyamba kubadwa kwa akufa, kuti akhale woyamba m’zonse. Pakuti chinamkomera Mulungu kuti zochuluka zonse zikhale mwa iye, ndi kuti kudzera mwa iye ayanjanitse zonse kwa iye, kaya padziko lapansi kapena kumwamba, mwa kuchita mtendere ndi magazi ake pa mtanda.” ( Akolose. 1,15-20 ndi).

Yesu anapambana pamene Adamu woyamba analephera ndipo iye ndiye Adamu wotsiriza. Yesu ndiye Mwanawankhosa wathu wa Paskha, mkate wathu wopanda chotupitsa ndi chiyanjanitso chathu. Iye ndiye (ndi yekhayo) amene wachotsa machimo athu. Yesu ndiye Sabata lathu momwe timapeza mpumulo ku uchimo.

Monga Ambuye wa nthawi zonse akhala mwa inu ndi inu mwa iye. Nthawi zonse mumakumana ndi zoyera chifukwa mukukhala moyo watsopano wa Yesu Khristu womwe muli nawo mu chiyanjano ndi iye. Yesu ndiye Muomboli, Mpulumutsi, Mpulumutsi wanu, Mfumu ndi Ambuye. Analiza lipenga kamodzi kokha!

ndi Joseph Tkach