Kupezekanso kwa Aroma

Kupezekanso kwa 282 kwa kalata ya zachiromaMtumwi Paulo adalemba kalatayi ku mpingo waku Roma pafupifupi zaka 2000 zapitazo. Kalatayo ndi masamba ochepa chabe, osapitilira mawu 10.000, koma zimakhudza kwambiri. Katatu konse m'mbiri ya Mpingo wa Chikhristu, kalatayi yadzetsa phokoso lomwe lasintha Mpingo kukhala wabwino.

Martin Luther

Zinali koyambirira kwa 1st5. Zaka mazana ambiri pamene mmonke wina wa ku Augustin wotchedwa Martin Luther anayesa kukhazika mtima pansi chikumbumtima chake ndi chimene anachitcha moyo wopanda cholakwa. Koma ngakhale kuti anatsatira miyambo yonse ndi malamulo a dongosolo lake launsembe, Luther anadzimvabe kuti anali wotalikirana ndi Mulungu. Kenako, monga mphunzitsi wa payunivesiteyo amene anali kuphunzira kalata yopita kwa Aroma, Luther anapezeka kuti ali pa zimene Paulo ananena m’buku la Aroma. 1,17 kukokedwa: pakuti m’menemo [mu Uthenga Wabwino] mwavumbulutsidwa chilungamo chokhazikika pamaso pa Mulungu, chochokera m’chikhulupiriro cha chikhulupiriro; Monga kwalembedwa, Wolungama adzakhala ndi moyo ndi chikhulupiriro. Chowonadi cha ndime yamphamvu iyi chidamukhudza Luther mu mtima. Iye analemba kuti:

Ndipamene ndidayamba kumvetsetsa kuti chilungamo cha Mulungu ndi chomwe olungama amakhala nacho kudzera mu mphatso ya Mulungu, yomwe ndi chilungamo chongopeka chomwe Mulungu wachifundo amatilungamitsira nacho chikhulupiriro. Pamenepo ndinamva kuti ndinabadwa watsopano ndipo ndinalowa m'Paradaiso momwemo. Ndikuganiza kuti mukudziwa zomwe zidachitika. Luther sakanatha kungokhala chete pakupezekanso kwa uthenga wabwino komanso wosavuta. Zotsatira zake zinali Kusintha kwa Chiprotestanti.

John Wesley

Chipwirikiti china chomwe chidayambitsidwa ndi Aroma chidachitika ku England cha m'ma 1730. Church of England inali pamavuto. Ku London kunali malo oledzera komanso moyo wosalira zambiri. Ziphuphu zinali ponseponse, ngakhale m'matchalitchi. M'busa wachinyamata wa Anglican wotchedwa John Wesley amalalikira za kulapa, koma zoyesayesa zake sizinathandize kwenikweni. Kenako, atakhudzidwa ndi chikhulupiriro cha gulu la Akhristu achijeremani paulendo wamphepo wa Atlantic, Wesley adakopeka kupita kunyumba yosonkhanira ya Abale a Moravia. Wesley adalongosola motere: Madzulo, monyinyirika kwambiri, ndidapita kuphwando ku Aldersgate Street komwe munthu wina amawerenga mawu oyamba a Luther ku Aroma. Pafupifupi kotala mpaka , pomwe amafotokoza za kusinthika kwa Mulungu akugwira ntchito mu mtima kudzera mu chikhulupiriro mwa Khristu, ndidamva mtima wanga ukutenthedwa modabwitsa. Ndidamva kuti ndikudalira chipulumutso changa kwa Khristu, Khristu yekha. Ndipo ndidapatsidwa chitsimikizo kuti adachotsa machimo anga, ngakhale machimo anga, ndikundimasula ku lamulo la uchimo ndi imfa.

Karl Barth

Apanso, Aroma adathandizira kwambiri kubwezeretsa mpingo ku chikhulupiriro, pamene izi zinayambitsa chitsitsimutso cha evangelical. Chisokonezo china osati kale kwambiri chinatifikitsa ku Ulaya mu 1916. Pakati pa kuphana kwa mwazi. 1. Panthawi ya Nkhondo Yachiwiri Yapadziko Lonse, m'busa wachinyamata wa ku Switzerland anapeza kuti maganizo ake a chiyembekezo, omasuka a dziko lachikhristu lomwe likuyandikira ungwiro wa makhalidwe abwino ndi wauzimu anagwedezeka chifukwa cha kupha nyama kodabwitsa ku Western Front. Karl Barth anazindikira kuti pamavuto aakulu ngati amenewa, uthenga wa uthenga wabwino unkafunika kuona zinthu zatsopano komanso zenizeni. M’nkhani yake yonena za Letter to the Romans, yomwe inatuluka ku Germany mu 1918, Barth anali ndi nkhaŵa yakuti mawu oyambirira a Paulo adzatayika ndi kukwiriridwa pansi pa zaka mazana ambiri za maphunziro ndi kutsutsidwa.

M'mawu ake pa Aroma 1, Barth adati uthenga wabwino si chinthu chimodzi mwa zina, koma mawu omwe ndiye chiyambi cha zinthu zonse, mawu omwe amakhala atsopano nthawi zonse, uthenga wochokera kwa Mulungu womwe umafuna komanso umafuna chikhulupiriro ukawerengedwa molondola. , imatulutsa chikhulupiriro chomwe chimayerekezera. Uthenga, atero Barth, umafuna kutenga nawo mbali komanso mgwirizano. Mwanjira imeneyi, Barth adawonetsa kuti mawu a Mulungu anali othandiza kudziko lomwe linamenyedwa ndikukhumudwitsidwa ndi nkhondo yapadziko lonse lapansi. Apanso, Aroma anali nyenyezi yowala yomwe idawonetsa njira yotuluka mu khola lakuda la chiyembekezo chosweka. Ndemanga ya Barth yokhudza Aroma yafotokozedwa moyenera ngati bomba lomwe lidaponyedwa pamunda wa akatswiri anzeru zamaphunziro azaumulungu. Apanso Mpingo unasinthidwa ndi uthenga wa Aroma, womwe unakopa owerenga odzipereka.

Uthengawu udasintha Luther. Iye anasintha Wesile. Anasintha Barth. Ndipo zikusinthabe anthu ambiri masiku ano. Kudzera mwa iwo, Mzimu Woyera amasintha owerenga ake mwachikhulupiriro komanso motsimikiza. Ngati simukudziwa izi, ndikukulimbikitsani kuti muwerenge Aroma ndikukhulupirira.

ndi Joseph Tkach


keralaKupezekanso kwa Aroma