Zikutanthauza chiyani kukhala mwa Khristu?

417 zikutanthauza chiyani kukhala mwa khristuMawu omwe tonse tidamva kale. Albert Schweitzer adatcha "kukhala mwa Khristu" chinsinsi chachikulu cha chiphunzitso cha mtumwi Paulo. Ndipo Schweitzer amayenera kudziwa pambuyo pake. Monga wazamulungu wotchuka, woyimba komanso dokotala wofunika kwambiri wamishonale, Alsatian anali m'modzi mwa Ajeremani odziwika kwambiri mzaka zam'ma 20. Mu 1952 adapatsidwa mphotho ya Nobel. M'buku lake lotchedwa Mysticism of the Apostle Paul, lofalitsidwa mu 1931, Schweitzer akutsindika mfundo yofunika kwambiri yoti moyo wachikhristu mwa Khristu suli chinsinsi cha Mulungu, koma, monga momwe amadzitchulira yekha, Khristu-chinsinsi. Zipembedzo zina, kuphatikizapo aneneri, olosera kapena afilosofi, fufuzani - mulimonse momwe mungafunire "Mulungu". Koma Schweitzer adazindikira kuti kwa Paulo Mkhristu, chiyembekezo ndi moyo watsiku ndi tsiku zili ndi njira yapadera komanso yotsimikizika - moyo watsopano mwa Khristu.

M’makalata ake, Paulo anagwiritsa ntchito mawu akuti “mwa Kristu” nthawi zosachepera khumi ndi ziŵiri. Chitsanzo chabwino cha izi ndi ndime yomangirira mu 2. Akorinto 5,17: «Chifukwa chake ngati munthu ali yense ali mwa Khristu ali wolengedwa watsopano; zakale zapita, onani, zatsopano zafika. Albert Schweitzer pomalizira pake sanali Mkristu wa Chiorthodox, koma ndi anthu ochepa amene anafotokoza mzimu wachikristu mochititsa chidwi kuposa mmene anachitira. Iye anafotokoza mwachidule maganizo oyenerera a mtumwi Paulo ndi mawu otsatirawa: “Kwa iye [Paulo] okhulupirirawo akuomboledwa chifukwa chakuti aloŵa mu mkhalidwe wauzimu m’chiyanjano ndi Kristu kupyolera mu imfa yachinsinsi ndi kuuka pamodzi ndi iye kale m’thupi. nthawi ya dziko kumene iwo adzakhala mu ufumu wa Mulungu. Kupyolera mwa Khristu timachotsedwa padziko lapansi ndikuyikidwa mu chikhalidwe cha ufumu wa Mulungu, ngakhale izi sizinawoneke ... »( The Mysticism of the Apostle Paul, p. 369).

Taonani momwe Schweitzer akusonyezera kuti Paulo akuwona mbali ziwiri za kubwera kwa Khristu zolumikizana mu nthawi yotsiriza-ufumu wa Mulungu m'moyo uno ndi kukwaniritsidwa kwake m'moyo ulinkudza. Ena sangavomereze Akristu miseche ndi mawu onga ngati “chinsinsi” ndi “zinsinsi za Kristu” ndi kuchita ndi Albert Schweitzer mwachisawawa; nzosatsutsika, komabe, kuti Paulo ndithudi anali wamasomphenya komanso wachinsinsi. Anali ndi masomphenya ndi mavumbulutso ambiri kuposa mamembala onse a mpingo wake (2. Korinto 12,1-7). Kodi zonsezi zikulumikizika bwanji ndipo zingagwirizane bwanji ndi chochitika chofunika kwambiri m’mbiri ya anthu—kuuka kwa Yesu Khristu?

Kumwamba kale tsopano?

Kunena izi kuyambira pachiyambi, nkhani ya zinsinsi ndi yofunika kuti timvetsetse ndime zomveka bwino monga Aroma 6,3-8 Moti: «Kapena simudziwa kuti ife tonse tinabatizidwa mwa Khristu Yesu, timabatizidwa mu imfa yake? Chotero tinaikidwa m’manda pamodzi ndi iye mwa ubatizo kulowa mu imfa kuti, monga Khristu anaukitsidwa kwa akufa mwa ulemerero wa Atate, ifenso tikayende m’moyo watsopano. Pakuti ngati tikhala olumikizidwa ndi Iye, ndi kukhala monga iye mu imfa yake, tidzakhalanso ngati iye pakuuka kwa akufa ...

Uyu ndi Paulo monga tikumudziwa. Iye ankaona kuuka kwa akufa kukhala maziko a chiphunzitso chachikristu. Akhristu samangoikidwa m'manda pamodzi ndi Khristu kudzera mu ubatizo, komanso mophiphiritsira amagawana naye chiukitsiro. Koma apa zikupitirira pang'ono kupyola zophiphiritsa. Chiphunzitso chaumulungu chodzipatula ichi chimayendera limodzi ndi chithandizo chabwino cha chowonadi cholimba. Taonani mmene Paulo anakambira nkhani imeneyi m’kalata yake yopita kwa Aefeso 2. Chaputala, vesi 4-6 chikulongosolanso mowonjezereka kuti: “Koma Mulungu, amene ali wolemera mu chifundo, m’chikondi chake chachikulu . . . natikhazika pamodzi ndi ife kumwamba mwa Kristu Yesu.” Zinali bwanji? Werenganinso: Kodi ife tinadzozedwa kumwamba mwa Khristu?

Zingatheke bwanji? Apanso, mawu a Mtumwi Paulo sanatanthauziridwe pano monga momwe alili komanso momveka bwino, koma ali ndi tanthauzo, ngakhale chinsinsi. Akufotokoza kuti chifukwa cha mphamvu ya Mulungu yopereka chipulumutso chowonekera pakuukitsidwa kwa Khristu, titha kusangalala nawo kale mu ufumu wakumwamba, malo okhala Mulungu ndi Khristu, kudzera mwa Mzimu Woyera. Izi zalonjezedwa kwa ife kudzera mu moyo "mwa Khristu", kuuka kwake ndi kukwera kumwamba. Kukhala "mwa Khristu" kumapangitsa zonsezi. Titha kutcha kuzindikira uku ngati Mfundo Yachiukiriro kapena Chiwukitsiro.

Chowukitsa

Apanso titha kungoyang'ana modabwitsa mphamvu yayikulu yomwe imachokera pakuuka kwa Ambuye ndi Mpulumutsi wathu, podziwa bwino kuti sichinthu chofunikira kwambiri m'mbiri yakale, komanso chimayimilira monga chiyembekezo kwa onse okhulupirira dziko lino ndikuyembekeza ndikuyembekezera. "Mwa Khristu" ndi mawu achinsinsi omwe, komabe, ndi tanthauzo lake lakuya limapitilira mawonekedwe ophiphiritsira, koma ofanizira. Ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi mawu ena achinsinsi "okhazikitsidwa kumwamba".

Taonani mawu ofunika a Aefeso ochokera kwa olemba Baibulo ena otchuka padziko lonse 2,6 pamaso panu. Mu Max Turner wotsatira mu The New Bible Commentary mu mtundu wa 2nd1. Zaka 1229: "Kunena kuti tinapangidwa amoyo ndi Khristu kumawoneka ngati njira yachidule ya mawu akuti tidzaukitsidwa ndi Khristu ku moyo watsopano", ndipo tinganene za izi ngati kuti zidachitika kale chifukwa chochitika chomaliza. Choyamba, kuuka kwa akufa [kwa Khristu] kwagona m'mbuyomu ndipo, chachiwiri, tayamba kale kutenga nawo moyo wolengedwa watsopanowo kudzera mu ubale wathu ndi iye ”(p. ).

Ndife olumikizidwa ndi Khristu, ndithudi, mwa Mzimu Woyera. Ichi ndichifukwa chake dziko lamalingaliro omwe ali kumbuyo kwa malingaliro apamwamba kwambiriwa amapezeka kokha kwa okhulupirira kudzera mwa Mzimu Woyera yekha.Tsopano yang'anani ndemanga ya Francis Foulkes pa Aefeso. 2,6 mu The Tyndale New Testament: “Ku Aefeso 1,3 Mtumwiyu ananena kuti Mulungu mwa Khristu watidalitsa ndi madalitso onse auzimu kumwamba. Tsopano amafotokoza kuti moyo wathu tsopano ulipo, wokhazikitsidwa mu ulamuliro wakumwamba ndi Khristu ... Chifukwa cha chigonjetso cha Khristu pa uchimo ndi imfa komanso kudzera mu kukwezedwa kwake, umunthu wachotsedwa ku gehena wozama kupita kumwamba komwe '(Calvin). Tsopano tili ndi ufulu wachibadwidwe kumwamba (Afilipi 3,20); ndipo kumeneko, opanda malire ndi malire oikidwa ndi dziko ... pali moyo weniweni »(p. 82).

M’buku lake lakuti The Message of Ephesians, John Stott analankhula za Aefeso 2,6 motere: “Chomwe chimatidabwitsa ife, ndi chakuti Paulo sakulemba za Khristu, koma za ife. Sizikutsimikizira, mwachitsanzo, kuti Mulungu anaukitsa Khristu, kumukweza ndi kumuika mu ulamuliro wakumwamba, koma kuti iye ndi Khristu anatiukitsa ife, anatikweza ife ndi kutiika mu ulamuliro wakumwamba ... Lingaliro ili la chiyanjano cha anthu a Mulungu. ndi Kristu ndiye maziko a Chikristu cha Chipangano Chatsopano . Monga anthu amene ali ‘mwa Khristu’ ali ndi mgwirizano watsopano. Chifukwa cha chiyanjano chake ndi Khristu amatenga nawo gawo pakuuka kwake, kukwera kumwamba ndi kukhazikitsa kwake. "

Ndi “chiphunzitso”, Stott akutanthauza mbuye wa Khristu pa chilengedwe chonse. Malinga ndi maganizo a Stott, nkhani zonsezi zonena za kulamulira kwathu limodzi ndi Khristu siziri “zinthu zopanda tanthauzo zachikhristu” ayi. M'malo mwake, ndi gawo lofunikira la zinsinsi zachikhristu ndipo limapitilira pamenepo. Stott anawonjezera kuti: “‘Kumwamba’, dziko losaoneka lauzimu, kumene mphamvu ndi mphamvu zimalamulira (3,10;6,12) ndi kumene Khristu amalamulira chilichonse (1,20), Mulungu wadalitsa anthu ake mwa Khristu (1,3) ndikuukhazikitsa pamodzi ndi Khristu mu ulamuliro wakumwamba ... Ndi umboni wa thupi kuti Khristu anatipatsa ife moyo watsopano pa mbali imodzi ndi chigonjetso chatsopano. Tinali akufa koma tinakhala amoyo ndi atcheru mwauzimu. Tinali mu ukapolo, koma tinaikidwa mu ulamuliro wakumwamba.”

Max Turner akunena zoona. Pali zambiri ku mawuwa kuposa zophiphiritsa zenizeni - zodabwitsa monga chiphunzitsochi chikuwonekera. Zomwe Paulo akufotokoza apa ndiye tanthauzo lenileni, tanthauzo lakuya la moyo wathu watsopano mwa Khristu. Poterepa, zinthu zitatu zikuyenera kufotokozedwa.

Zotsatira zake

Choyambirira, Akhristu "ali bwino kumene akupita" zikafika ku chipulumutso chawo. Iwo amene ali "mwa Khristu" amakhululukidwa machimo awo kudzera mwa Khristu mwini. Mumagawana imfa, kuyikidwa m'manda, kuuka ndi kukwera naye limodzi ndipo, mpaka pamlingo wina, mukukhala naye limodzi mu ufumu wakumwamba. Chiphunzitsochi sichiyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chinthu chokopa. Poyambirira idalembedwa kwa Akhristu omwe amakhala m'malo owopsa m'mizinda yopanda ufulu wachibadwidwe komanso ndale zomwe sitimaziona mopepuka. Imfa ndi lupanga la Roma inali yotheka kwa owerenga za Mtumwi Paulo, ngakhale munthu sayenera kunyalanyaza kuti anthu ambiri panthawiyo anali ndi zaka 40 kapena 45 zokha.

Motero, Paulo akulimbikitsa owerenga ake ndi ganizo lina lochokera ku chiphunzitso chachikulu ndi chikhalidwe cha chikhulupiriro chatsopano – kuuka kwa Khristu. Kukhala “mwa Kristu” kumatanthauza kuti Mulungu akatiyang’ana, saona macimo athu. Iye amamuwona Khristu. Palibe phunziro limene lingatipangitse kukhala ndi chiyembekezo! Mu Akolose 3,3 izi zikutsindika kamodzinso: "Pakuti munafa ndipo moyo wanu wabisika ndi Khristu mwa Mulungu" (Zurich Bible).

Chachiwiri, kukhala "mwa Khristu" kumatanthauza kukhala ngati Mkhristu m'maiko awiri osiyana - mbali iyi ya zochitika za tsiku ndi tsiku komanso mu "dziko losawoneka" la zenizeni zauzimu, monga Stott amanenera. Izi zimakhudza momwe timawonera dziko lapansi. Chifukwa chake tiyenera kukhala ndi moyo womwe umachita chilungamo ku maiko awiriwa, pomwe udindo wathu woyamba wokhulupirika ndi ku ufumu wa Mulungu ndi zikhalidwe zake, koma mbali ina sitiyenera kukhala opitilira muyeso kuti tisatumikire zabwino zapadziko lapansi. Kuyenda mwamphamvu ndipo Mkhristu aliyense amafunika thandizo la Mulungu kuti ayende mosamala.

Chachitatu, kukhala "mwa Khristu" kumatanthauza kuti ndife zizindikiro zopambana za chisomo cha Mulungu. Ngati Atate Akumwamba adatichitira zonsezi, munjira ina anatipatsa kale malo mu ufumu wakumwamba, ndiye kuti tiyenera kukhala ngati akazembe a Khristu.

Francis Foulkes akufotokoza motere: "Zomwe Mulungu akufuna, malinga ndi kumvetsetsa kwa Mtumwi Paulo, chifukwa gulu lake limapitilira malire ake, chiwombolo, kuunikiridwa komanso kulengedwa kwatsopano kwa munthuyo, kudzera mu umodzi wawo ndi kukhala wophunzira, ngakhale kudzera umboni wawo kulinga ku dziko lino lapansi. M'malo mwake, anthu ammudzi akuyenera kuchitira umboni chilengedwe chonse cha nzeru, chikondi ndi chisomo cha Mulungu mwa Khristu ”(tsamba 82).

Zowona bwanji. Kukhala "mwa Khristu", kulandira mphatso ya moyo watsopano mwa Khristu, kudziwa kudzera mwa iye kuti machimo athu abisika kwa Mulungu - zonsezi zikutanthauza kuti tiyenera kuchita zinthu zachikhristu kwa anthu omwe timacheza nawo. Akhrisitu titha kupita m'njira zosiyanasiyana, koma kwa anthu omwe timakhala nawo padziko lapansi pano, timakumana ndi mzimu wa Khristu. Ndi kuuka kwa Mpulumutsi, Mulungu sanatikhalire chizindikiro cha mphamvu zake zonse kuti tiziyenda mopanda pake titakweza mitu yathu, koma m'malo mwake tichitire umboni zabwino zake tsiku ndi tsiku komanso kudzera muntchito zathu zabwino chizindikiro chakupezeka kwake chisamaliro chake chopanda malire kwa munthu aliyense adayika dziko lapansi. Kuuka ndi kukwera kumwamba kwa Khristu kumakhudza kwambiri momwe timaonera dziko lapansi. Chovuta chomwe tiyenera kukumana nacho ndikukhala ndi mbiri yotere maola 24 patsiku.

ndi Neil Earle


keralaZikutanthauza chiyani kukhala mwa Khristu?