Pemphero - zambiri kuposa kungolankhula chabe

232 pemphero sili chabe mawuNdikuganiza kuti mwawonapo nthawi zakuthedwa nzeru pamene mwapempha Mulungu kuti alowererepo. Mwina munapempherapo chozizwitsa, koma mwachiwonekere sizinaphule kanthu; chozizwitsa sichinachitike. Mofananamo, ndikulingalira kuti munasangalala kumva kuti mapemphero opempha kuchiritsidwa kwa munthu ayankhidwa. Ndikudziwa mayi wina yemwe nthiti zake zinakula atamupempherera kuti achire. Dokotalayo anamulangiza kuti: “Chilichonse chimene mungachite, pitirizani! Ambiri a ife, ndithudi, timatonthozedwa ndi kulimbikitsidwa podziŵa kuti ena akutipempherera. Nthawi zonse ndimalimbikitsidwa anthu akamandiuza kuti akundipempherera. Poyankha, nthawi zambiri ndimati: "Zikomo kwambiri, ndikufunikiradi mapemphero anu onse!"

Maganizo olakwika

Zomwe takumana nazo ndi pemphero zingakhale zabwino kapena zoipa (mwina zonse). Choncho tisaiwale zimene Karl Barth ananena: “Chofunika kwambiri pa mapemphero athu si zopempha zathu, koma yankho la Mulungu” ( Pemphero, p. 66). N’zosavuta kusamvetsetsa zimene Mulungu anachita ngati sanayankhe m’njira imene ankayembekezera. Munthu amakhala wokonzeka kukhulupilira kuti pemphero ndi njira yongoyendera - munthu atha kugwiritsa ntchito Mulungu ngati makina ogulitsira zinthu zakuthambo momwe amaponyera zomwe akufuna ndipo "chinthu" chomwe akufuna chingatengedwe. Maganizo olakwikawa, omwe atsala pang’ono kukhala mtundu wa chiphuphu, kaŵirikaŵiri amaloŵerera m’mapemphero amene cholinga chake ndi kulamulira mkhalidwe umene sitingathe kulimbana nawo.

Cholinga cha pemphero

Pemphero silimasonkhezera Mulungu kuchita zinthu zimene iye sakufuna, koma kugwirizana ndi zimene akuchita. Komanso sikutumikira kufuna kulamulira Mulungu, koma kuvomereza kuti iye amalamulira chilichonse. Barth akufotokoza motere: “Ndi kukweza manja athu m’pemphero kumayamba kuwukira kwathu kopanda chilungamo m’dziko lino. Ndi mawu awa adavomereza kuti ife, omwe sitiri adziko lapansi, timapemphera mu ntchito ya Mulungu ya dziko lapansi. M’malo motichotsa padziko lapansi (ndi chisalungamo chake chonse), pemphero limatigwirizanitsa ife ndi Mulungu ndi ntchito yake yopulumutsa dziko lapansi. Popeza Mulungu amakonda dziko, anatumiza Mwana wake kudziko lapansi. Pamene tidzitsegula tokha ndi mtima ndi maganizo ku chifuniro cha Mulungu m’pemphero, pamenepo timaika chidaliro chathu mwa iye amene amakonda dziko ndi ife. Iye ndi amene wadziŵa mapeto kuyambira pachiyambi ndipo angatithandize kuzindikira kuti moyo wamakono, wotsirizira ndi chiyambi osati mapeto. Pemphero la mtundu umenewu limatithandiza kuona kuti dziko lapansi si mmene Mulungu amafunira, ndipo limatisintha kuti tikhale onyamula chiyembekezo pano komanso mu ufumu wa Mulungu umene ukukula. Zikachitika zosemphana ndi zimene anapemphazo, anthu ena amayamba kukhulupirira kuti kuli Mulungu amene ali kutali ndiponso alibe chidwi. Ena ndiye safuna chilichonse chokhudzana ndi chikhulupiriro chawo mwa Mulungu. Izi ndi zomwe Michael Shermer, woyambitsa wa Sceptic's Society, adakumana nazo. Anataya chikhulupiriro pamene chibwenzi chake cha ku koleji chinavulala kwambiri pa ngozi ya galimoto. Msana wake unathyoka ndipo kufa ziwalo m’chiuno kwamupangitsa kuti azidalira njinga ya olumala. Michael ankakhulupirira kuti Mulungu akanayankha mapemphero ake kuti achiritsidwe chifukwa anali munthu wabwino kwambiri.

Mulungu ndi wochita mwayekha

Pemphero si njira yofunira kutsogoza Mulungu, koma kuvomereza modzichepetsa kuti chilichonse chili pansi pa iye, koma osati kwa ife. M’buku lake lakuti God in the Dock, CS Lewis anafotokoza izi motere: Sitingathe kusonkhezera zinthu zambiri zimene zimachitika m’chilengedwe, koma tingakhudze zina. Zimafanana ndi sewero limene mlembi wake waikamo ndi mmene nkhaniyo imayendera; Komabe, pali njira ina yomwe ochita sewero amayenera kukonza. Zingawoneke zachilendo chifukwa chake amatilola kuyambitsa zochitika zenizeni poyamba, ndipo n'zodabwitsa kwambiri kuti anatipatsa pemphero m'malo mwa njira ina iliyonse. Wafilosofi wachikristu Blaise Pascal ananena kuti Mulungu “anayambitsa pemphero kuti apatse zolengedwa zake ulemu woti zisinthe.

Mwinamwake kukanakhala kowona kwambiri kunena kuti Mulungu analingalira zonse ziŵiri pemphero ndi zochita zakuthupi kaamba ka cholinga chimenechi. Anatipatsa ife zolengedwa zazing'ono ulemu kuti tithe kutenga nawo mbali pazochitika m'njira ziwiri. Iye analenga zinthu za chilengedwe chonse m’njira yoti tingathe kuzigwiritsira ntchito m’malire ena; Choncho tikhoza kusamba m’manja n’kumazigwiritsa ntchito kudyetsa kapena kupha anthu anzathu. Mofananamo, Mulungu analingalira m’mapulani ake kapena nkhani yake kuti imalola kumasuka kwinakwake ndi kuti ingasinthidwebe poyankha mapemphero athu. Ndi kupusa ndi kosayenera kupempha chigonjetso pankhondo (ngati mukuyembekezeredwa kudziwa zomwe zili zabwino); Kungakhale kupusa ndi kosayenera kupempha nyengo yabwino ndi kuvala malaya amvula - kodi Mulungu sadziwa bwino kuti tiwume kapena tinyowe?

N’chifukwa chiyani tiyenera kupemphera?

Lewis ananena kuti Mulungu amafuna kuti tizilankhulana naye kudzera m’pemphero ndipo anafotokoza m’buku lake lakuti Miracles kuti Mulungu wakonza kale mayankho a mapemphero athu. Funso likubuka: chifukwa chiyani kupemphera? Lewis anayankha:

Pamene tipereka chotulukapo mwapemphero, kunena za mkangano kapena kufunsana ndi dokotala, kaŵirikaŵiri zimatichitikira (ngati tikanadziŵa) kuti chochitika chagamulidwa kale mwanjira ina. Ndikuona kuti si mkangano wabwino kusiya kupemphera. Chochitikacho chasankhidwadi - m'lingaliro lakuti adasankhidwa "nthawi zonse ndi dziko lapansi". Komabe, chinthu chimodzi chomwe chimaganiziridwa popanga chosankha chomwe chimapangitsa kuti chichitike chotsimikizika chingakhale pemphero lomwe tikunena pano.

Kodi mukumvetsa zonsezi? Mwina Mulungu anakuganizirani poyankha pemphero lanu limene mudzakhala mukupemphera. Zotsatira za izi ndizopatsa chidwi komanso zosangalatsa. Ndizoonekeratu kwambiri kuti mapemphero athu ndi ofunika; zili zofunika.

Lewis akupitiriza kuti:
Ngakhale zikumveka zodabwitsa, ndikumaliza kuti masana titha kukhala otenga nawo mbali pazifukwa zingapo zomwe zidachitika kale nthawi ya 10.00 am njira zomveka). Kulingalira zimenezo, mosakaikira, tsopano kudzamva ngati kuti tikupusitsidwa. Tsopano ndikufunsa kuti, "Ndikamaliza kupemphera, kodi Mulungu angabwerere ndikusintha zomwe zachitika kale?" Ayi. Chochitikacho chachitika kale, ndipo chimodzi mwa zifukwa zake n’chakuti mumafunsa mafunso otere m’malo mopemphera. Choncho zimadaliranso kusankha kwanga. Kuchita kwanga kwaulere kumathandizira kuti chilengedwe chiwonekere. Kutengapo mbali kumeneku kunakhazikitsidwa muyaya kapena “nthawi zonse ndi maiko onse”, koma kuzindikira kwanga kumangondifikira pa nthawi inayake motsatizana ndi nthawi.

Pemphero limachita chinachake

Zomwe Lewis akuyesera kunena ndikuti pemphero limachita zina; idatero nthawi zonse ndipo idzatero nthawi zonse. Chifukwa chiyani? Chifukwa mapemphero amatipatsa mwayi wochita zinthu ndi Mulungu pa zimene anachita, zimene amachita, ndiponso zimene adzachite panopa. Sitingathe kumvetsa momwe zonsezi zimagwirizanirana ndi kugwirira ntchito pamodzi: sayansi, Mulungu, pemphero, sayansi, nthawi ndi mlengalenga, zinthu monga quantum entanglement ndi quantum mechanics, koma tikudziwa kuti Mulungu anapanga chirichonse. Timadziwanso kuti iye amatiitana kuti tizitenga nawo mbali pa zimene amachita. Pemphero ndi lofunika kwambiri.

Ndikamapemphera, ndimaona kuti ndi bwino kuika mapemphero anga m’manja mwa Mulungu chifukwa ndimadziwa kuti iye adzawapenda molondola n’kuwaika m’zolinga zake zabwino. Ndikukhulupirira kuti Mulungu amatembenuza zinthu zonse kukhala zabwino muzolinga zake zaulemerero (izi zikuphatikizanso mapemphero athu). Ndikudziwanso kuti mapemphero athu amathandizidwa ndi Yesu, wansembe wathu wamkulu komanso wotiyimira. Iye amalandira mapemphero athu, amawayeretsa ndi kuwagawira kwa Atate ndi Mzimu Woyera. Pachifukwa ichi ndikuganiza kuti palibe mapemphero osayankhidwa. Mapemphero athu amaphatikizana ndi chifuniro, cholinga, ndi ntchito ya Utatu wa Mulungu - zambiri zomwe zidatsimikiziridwa asanaikidwe maziko a dziko.

Ngati sindingathe kufotokoza chifukwa chake pemphero lili lofunika kwambiri, ndimakhulupirira kuti Mulungu alidi choncho. N’chifukwa chake ndimalimbikitsidwa ndikamva kuti amuna anzanga akundipempherera ndipo ndikukhulupirira kuti inunso mumalimbikitsidwa chifukwa mukudziwa kuti ndikukupemphererani. Ine sindimachita izo kuti ndiyesere kutsogolera Mulungu, koma kutamanda Iye amene amatsogolera chirichonse.

Ndikuthokoza ndi kutamanda Mulungu kuti iye ndi Mbuye wa chilichonse komanso kuti mapemphero athu ndi ofunika kwa iye.

Joseph Tsoka

Purezidenti
CHISOMO CHOKHUDZANA NDI MADZIKO OTHANDIZA


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