Mukuganiza bwanji zakumva kwanu?

396 mukuganiza bwanji za kuzindikira kwanuAmatchedwa vuto lamaganizidwe amthupi (komanso vuto lamzimu) pakati pa anzeru ndi akatswiri azaumulungu. Sizokhudza vuto loyendetsa bwino magalimoto (monga kumwa sips m'kapu popanda kutaya chilichonse kapena kuponya mivi molakwika). M'malo mwake, funso ndiloti ngati matupi athu ali akuthupi ndipo malingaliro athu ndi auzimu; Kapena, mwanjira ina, ngakhale anthu ali akuthupi kapena osakanikirana ndi thupi ndi lauzimu.

Ngakhale kuti Baibulo silimalongosola vuto la maganizo ndi thupi mwachindunji, liri ndi maumboni omveka bwino a mbali yosakhala yakuthupi ya kukhalapo kwa munthu ndipo limasiyanitsa (m’mawu a Chipangano Chatsopano) pakati pa thupi (thupi, thupi) ndi moyo (maganizo, mzimu). Ndipo ngakhale kuti Baibulo silimalongosola mmene thupi ndi moyo zimagwirizanirana kapena mmene zimagwirizanirana ndendende, silimalekanitsa ziŵirizo kapena kuzisonyeza kukhala zosinthana ndipo mzimu sumachepetsedwa kukhala wakuthupi. Ndime zingapo zikulozera ku “mzimu” wapadera mwa ife ndikuwonetsa kulumikizana ndi Mzimu Woyera zomwe zikusonyeza kuti titha kukhala pa ubale ndi Mulungu (Aroma 8,16 ndi 1Akor 2,11).

Poganizira vuto la m'maganizo ndi thupi, ndikofunikira kuti tiyambe ndi chiphunzitso chofunikira cha m'Malemba: Sipakanakhala anthu ndipo sakanakhala momwe iwo alili, kupitirira ubale umene ulipo, wopitirira ndi Mlengi wopambana, Mulungu, zinthu zonse Zolengedwa ndi kukhalapo. Chilengedwe (kuphatikizapo anthu) sichikanakhalako ngati Mulungu anali wosiyana kotheratu nacho. Chilengedwe sichinadzilenge chokha ndipo sichimasunga kukhalapo kwake - Mulungu yekha ndi amene alipo (azamulungu amalankhula apa za kukhalapo kwa Mulungu). Kukhalapo kwa zinthu zonse zolengedwa ndi mphatso yochokera kwa Mulungu amene alipo.

Mosiyana ndi umboni wa m’Baibulo, anthu ena amanena kuti anthu ndi zinthu zakuthupi. Kutsimikiza uku kumabweretsa funso ili: Kodi chingachitike bwanji kuti chinthu chopanda umunthu monga chidziwitso chamunthu chichoke ku chinthu chosazindikira monga chinthu chakuthupi? Funso logwirizana nalo ndilakuti: Kodi nchifukwa ninji pali malingaliro aliwonse a chidziwitso cha zomverera konse? Mafunsowa amayambitsa mafunso enanso ngati chidziwitso ndi chinyengo chabe kapena ngati pali (ngakhale kuti si thupi) chigawo chomwe chikugwirizana ndi ubongo wakuthupi, koma chiyenera kusiyanitsa.

Pafupifupi aliyense amavomereza kuti anthu ali ndi chidziwitso (dziko lamkati la malingaliro ndi zithunzi, malingaliro ndi malingaliro) - zomwe zimatchedwa maganizo ndi zomwe ziri zenizeni kwa ife monga kufunikira kwa chakudya ndi kugona. Komabe, palibe mgwirizano pazachilengedwe komanso chifukwa cha chidziwitso / malingaliro athu. Okonda zinthu zakuthupi amaziwona kokha chifukwa cha zochita za electrochemical muubongo wakuthupi. Osakhala ndi zinthu zakuthupi (kuphatikizapo akhristu) amawona ngati chinthu chopanda thupi chomwe sichifanana ndi ubongo weniweni.

Malingaliro okhudza chidziwitso amagwera m'magulu awiri akuluakulu. Gulu loyamba ndi la physicalism ( chuma). Izi zikutiphunzitsa kuti kulibe dziko lauzimu losaoneka. Gulu lina limatchedwa parallel dualism, lomwe limaphunzitsa kuti malingaliro amatha kukhala ndi mawonekedwe osakhala athupi kapena osakhala athupi, kotero kuti sangathenso kufotokozedwa m'mawu athupi. Parallel dualism imayang'ana ubongo ndi malingaliro ngati kulumikizana ndikugwira ntchito limodzi - ubongo ukavulala, kuthekera koganiza momveka kumatha kusokonezedwa. Zotsatira zake, kuyanjana kofanana kumakhudzidwanso.

Pankhani ya uwiri wofananira, mawu akuti uwiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito mwa anthu kusiyanitsa pakati pa zinthu zowoneka ndi zosawoneka pakati pa ubongo ndi malingaliro. Njira zamaganizidwe zomwe zimachitika payekhapayekha mwa munthu aliyense ndi zachinsinsi ndipo sizipezeka kwa anthu akunja. Munthu wina atha kutigwira dzanja, koma sangathe kudziwa malingaliro athu achinsinsi (ndipo nthawi zambiri timasangalala kwambiri kuti Mulungu wakonza mwanjira imeneyo!). Komanso, malingaliro ena aumunthu omwe timawakonda mkati mwake sangasinthidwe kukhala zinthu zakuthupi. Zolinga zake ndi monga chikondi, chilungamo, chikhululukiro, chimwemwe, chifundo, chisomo, chiyembekezo, kukongola, choonadi, ubwino, mtendere, zochita za anthu ndi udindo - izi zimapereka cholinga ndi cholinga cha moyo. Ndime ya m’Baibulo imatiuza kuti mphatso zonse zabwino zimachokera kwa Mulungu (Yakobo 1,17). Kodi izi zikutifotokozera za kukhalapo kwa malingaliro awa ndi chisamaliro cha umunthu wathu - monga mphatso zochokera kwa Mulungu kwa anthu?

Monga Akristu, timasonya ku ntchito zosasanthulika ndi chisonkhezero cha Mulungu m’dziko; Izi zikuphatikizapo kuchita kwake kupyolera mu zinthu zolengedwa (zotsatira za chilengedwe) kapena, mwachindunji, machitidwe ake kupyolera mwa Mzimu Woyera. Popeza kuti Mzimu Woyera ndi wosaoneka, ntchito yake siingathe kuyesedwa. Koma ntchito yake ikuchitika mu dziko lakuthupi. Ntchito zake ndizosayembekezereka ndipo sizingasinthidwe kukhala maunyolo omveka bwino. Ntchito zimenezi sizikuphatikizapo chilengedwe cha Mulungu monga choncho, komanso Kubadwanso Kwinakwake, Kuuka kwa Akufa, Kukwera Kumwamba, kutumiza kwa Mzimu Woyera ndi kubweranso koyembekezeka kwa Yesu Khristu kukamaliza ufumu wa Mulungu komanso kukhazikitsidwa kwa kumwamba kwatsopano ndi dziko lapansi latsopano.

Kubwerera ku vuto lamalingaliro ndi thupi: okonda chuma amati kuganiza kumatha kufotokozedwa mwakuthupi. Lingaliro ili limatsegula kuthekera, ngati sikofunikira, kupanganso malingaliro mwachinyengo. Popeza mawu oti "Artificial Intelligence" (AI) adapangidwa, AI yakhala mutu womwe opanga makompyuta ndi olemba zopeka za sayansi amaukhulupirira. Kwa zaka zambiri, AI yakhala gawo lofunikira paukadaulo wathu. Ma algorithms amapangidwira mitundu yonse ya zida ndi makina, kuyambira mafoni am'manja kupita pamagalimoto. Kupanga mapulogalamu ndi ma hardware kwapita patsogolo kotero kuti makina apambana anthu pakuyesera masewera. Mu 1997, kompyuta ya IBM Deep Blue inagonjetsa katswiri wa chess padziko lonse Garry Kasparov. Kasparov adadzudzula IBM chifukwa chachinyengo ndipo adafuna kubwezera. Ndikadakhala kuti IBM sinakane, koma adaganiza kuti makinawo adagwira ntchito molimbika ndipo adangotumiza Deep Blue kuti apume pantchito. Mu 2011, Jeopardy Show idachita masewera pakati pa Watson Computer ya IBM ndi osewera awiri apamwamba a Jeopardy. (M'malo moyankha mafunso, osewera ayenera kupanga mafunso ndi liwiro la mphezi kuti apereke mayankho.) Osewera adatayika ndi malire ambiri. Ndikungowona (ndipo izi zikutanthauza modabwitsa) kuti Watson, yemwe adangogwira ntchito zomwe adapangidwa ndikukonzedwa kuti achite, sanasangalale; koma mapulogalamu a AI ndi mainjiniya a hardware amachita. Zimenezo ziyenera kutiuza chinachake!

Okonda chuma amati palibe umboni wowoneka bwino wosonyeza kuti malingaliro ndi thupi ndizosiyana komanso ndizosiyana. Amati ubongo ndi chikumbumtima ndizofanana komanso kuti malingaliro amayamba mwanjira ina kuchokera pazomwe zimachitika muubongo kapena zimachitika chifukwa cha zovuta zomwe zimachitika muubongo. M'modzi mwa omwe amadziwika kuti "okwiya omwe sakhulupirira kuti kuli Mulungu", a Daniel Dennett, amapitilira apo nati chidziwitso ndi chinyengo. Wolemba Chikhristu Greg Koukl akuwonetsa cholakwika chachikulu pazokambirana za Dennett:

Ngati kulibe chidziwitso chenicheni, sipakanakhala njira yodziwira kuti chinali chinyengo chabe. Ngati chidziwitso chikufunika kuti tizindikire chinyengo, ndiye kuti sichingakhale chinyengo. Momwemonso, munthu amayenera kuzindikira maiko onse, enieni komanso abodza, kuti azindikire kuti pali kusiyana pakati pa ziwirizi, motero azitha kuzindikira dziko lonyenga. Ngati malingaliro onsewa anali achinyengo, sibwenzi atadziwika.

Zosaoneka sizingadziwike kudzera mu njira zakuthupi (zoyesa). Zochitika zakuthupi zokha zitha kudziwika kuti ndizowoneka, zoyezeka, zotsimikizika komanso zobwerezabwereza. Ngati pali zinthu zokhazo zomwe zitha kutsimikiziridwa mwamphamvu, ndiye kuti zomwe zinali zapadera (zosabwerezabwereza) sizingakhalepo. Ndipo ngati zili choncho, ndiye kuti mbiri yopangidwa ndi zochitika zapadera, zosabwerezedwa, sizingakhalepo! Izi zitha kukhala zosavuta, ndipo kwa ena ndi kufotokozera momveka bwino kuti pali zinthu zotere zomwe zitha kuzindikirika ndi njira yapadera komanso yokondedwa. Mwachidule, palibe njira yotsimikizira kuti ndi zotsimikizika / zakuthupi zokha zomwe zilipo! Ndizosamveka kuchepetsa zenizeni zonse kuzomwe zitha kupezedwa ndi njira imodzi iyi. Lingaliro limeneli nthawi zina limatchedwa sayansi.

Iyi ndi nkhani yaikulu ndipo ndangokanda pamwamba chabe, koma ndi yofunikanso kwambiri—onani mawu a Yesu akuti: “Ndipo musamaopa amene akupha thupi, koma moyo sangathe kuupha.” ( Mateyu 10,28). Yesu sanali wokondetsa zinthu zakuthupi - anasiyanitsa momveka bwino pakati pa thupi lanyama (limene limaphatikizaponso ubongo) ndi chigawo chopanda umunthu cha umunthu wathu, chomwe chiri chenicheni cha umunthu wathu. Pamene Yesu amatiuza kuti tisalole kuti ena aphe miyoyo yathu, anali kutanthauzanso kuti tisalole kuti ena awononge cikhulupililo cathu mwa Mulungu. Sitingathe kumuwona Mulungu, koma timamudziwa ndikumukhulupirira ndipo kudzera mu chidziwitso chathu chopanda thupi timatha kumumva kapena kumuzindikira. Chikhulupiriro chathu mwa Mulungu ndi gawo la zochitika zathu zozindikira.

Yesu amatikumbutsa kuti maganizo athu ndi mbali yofunika kwambiri ya kutsatira monga ophunzira ake. Chidziwitso chathu chimatipatsa kuthekera kokhulupilira mwa Utatu wa Mulungu, Atate, Mwana ndi Mzimu Woyera. Imatithandiza kuvomereza mphatso ya chikhulupiriro; Chikhulupiriro ichi ndi “chidaliro cholimba pa zimene munthu akuyembekeza ndi kusakaikira pa zimene sakuona” (Aheberi. 11,1). Kuzindikira kwathu kumatithandiza kudziwa Mulungu monga Mlengi ndi kumudalira kuti “tizindikire kuti dziko lapansi linalengedwa ndi Mawu a Mulungu, moti chilichonse chimene munthu achiona chimakhala chopanda pake.” ( Aheb. 11,3). Kuzindikira kwathu kumatithandiza kukhala ndi mtendere umene uli pamwamba pa zifukwa zonse, kuzindikira kuti Mulungu ndiye chikondi, kukhulupirira Yesu monga Mwana wa Mulungu, kukhulupirira moyo wosatha, kudziwa chimwemwe chenicheni ndiponso kudziwa kuti ndife ana okondedwa a Mulungu. .

Tiyeni tisangalale kuti Mulungu watipatsa kuthekera kolingalira kuti tizindikire dziko lathu komanso iye,

Joseph Tsoka

Purezidenti
CHISOMO CHOKHUDZANA NDI MADZIKO OTHANDIZA


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