Tchimo ndi chiyani

021 wkg bs tchimo

Tchimo ndilo kusayeruzika, mkhalidwe wa kupandukira Mulungu. Kuyambira nthawi imene uchimo unabwera padziko lapansi kudzera mwa Adamu ndi Hava, munthu wakhala pansi pa goli la uchimo – goli limene lingachotsedwe ndi chisomo cha Mulungu kudzera mwa Yesu Khristu. Mkhalidwe wauchimo wa anthu umadzisonyeza iwo eni m’chikhoterero cha kudziika eni eni ndi zofuna zake pamwamba pa Mulungu ndi chifuniro chake. Uchimo umachititsa kuti tipatuke kwa Mulungu ndi kuvutika ndi imfa. Chifukwa chakuti anthu onse ndi ochimwa, iwonso amafunikira chiombolo chimene Mulungu amapereka kudzera mwa Mwana wake (1. Johannes 3,4; Aroma 5,12; 7,24-25; Mark 7,21-23; Agalatiya 5,19-21; Aroma 6,23; 3,23-24 ndi).

Khalidwe lachikhristu lakhazikika pa chikhulupiriro ndi kukhulupirika kwachikondi kwa Mpulumutsi wathu, amene anatikonda ndi kudzipereka yekha chifukwa cha ife. Kudalira mwa Yesu Khristu kumaonekera mu chikhulupiriro mu uthenga wabwino ndi ntchito za chikondi. Kudzera mwa Mzimu Woyera, Khristu amasintha mitima ya okhulupirira ake ndi kuwapangitsa kuti abereke zipatso: chikondi, chimwemwe, mtendere, chikhulupiriro, kuleza mtima, chifundo, chifatso, chiletso, chilungamo ndi chowonadi.1. Johannes 3,23-24; 4,20-21; 2. Akorinto 5,15; Agalatiya 5,6.22-23; Aefeso 5,9).

Tchimo limatsutsana ndi Mulungu.

Mu Salimo 51,6 Davide wolapa anati kwa Mulungu: “Ndachimwa mwa inu nokha, ndipo ndachita choipa pamaso panu”. Ngakhale kuti anthu ena anakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi tchimo la Davide, tchimo lauzimu silinali pa iwo – linali lochitira Mulungu. Davide akubwereza ganizo limenelo 2. Samueli 12,13. Yobu anafunsa funso lakuti: “Ndinachimwa Habakuku, ndikuchitirani chiyani, inu woyang’anira anthu?” (Yobu. 7,20)?

N’zoona kuti kukhumudwitsa ena kuli ngati kuwacimwila. Paulo ananena kuti tikamachita zimenezi ‘tikuchimwira Khristu’.1. Akorinto 8,12) Amene ali Ambuye ndi Mulungu.

Izi zili ndi tanthauzo lalikulu

Choyamba, popeza kuti Khristu ali vumbulutso la Mulungu amene uchimo umalunjikitsidwa kwa iye, uchimo uyenera kuwonedwa mwa chikhristu, ndiko kuti, monga momwe Yesu Kristu amawonera. Nthawi zina uchimo umafotokozedwa motsatira nthawi (mwa kulankhula kwina, chifukwa Chipangano Chakale chinalembedwa poyamba, chimakhala ndi tanthauzo pofotokoza za uchimo ndi ziphunzitso zina). Komabe, maganizo a Kristu ndi ofunika kwa Mkristu.

Chachiwiri, popeza kuti uchimo umatsutsana ndi zonse zimene Mulungu ali, sitingayembekezere kuti Mulungu azichita mphwayi kapena kuchita mphwayi. Chifukwa chakuti uchimo umatsutsana kwambiri ndi chikondi ndi ubwino wa Mulungu, umalekanitsa maganizo ndi mitima yathu kwa Mulungu9,2), komwe kuli magwero a moyo wathu. Popanda nsembe ya Khristu ya chiyanjanitso (Akolose 1,19-21), sitikanakhala ndi chiyembekezo chilichonse koma imfa (Aroma 6,23). Mulungu amafuna kuti anthu akhale ndi chiyanjano chachikondi ndi chisangalalo ndi iye ndi wina ndi mnzake. Tchimo limawononga chiyanjano chachikondi ndi chisangalalo. N’chifukwa chake Mulungu amadana ndi tchimo ndipo adzaliwononga. Yankho la Mulungu ku uchimo ndi mkwiyo (Aefeso 5,6). Mkwiyo wa Mulungu ndi kutsimikiza mtima kwake kwamphamvu ndi kwamphamvu kuti awononge uchimo ndi zotsatira zake. Osati chifukwa chakuti iye ndi waukali ndi wobwezera monga ife anthu, koma chifukwa chakuti amakonda anthu kwambiri kotero kuti sadzadikira ndi kupenya iwo akudziwononga okha ndi ena mwa uchimo.

Chachitatu, ndi Mulungu yekha amene angatiweruze pankhaniyi, ndipo ndi Iye yekha amene angakhululukire machimo chifukwa uchimo ndi wotsutsana ndi Mulungu yekha. “Koma kwa inu, Yehova Mulungu wathu, muli chifundo ndi chikhululukiro. Pakuti tasanduka ampatuko.” (Danieli 9,9). “Pakuti kwa Yehova kuli chisomo ndi maombolo ochuluka” ( Salmo 130,7 ). Awo amene amavomereza chiweruzo chachifundo cha Mulungu ndi chikhululukiro chake cha machimo “sanaikidwiratu ku mkwiyo, koma chipulumutso cha mwa Ambuye wathu Yesu Kristu” ( NW )2. Atesalonika 5,9). 

Udindo wauchimo

Ngakhale kuti nkwachizoloŵezi kukhala ndi thayo la uchimo woloŵa m’dziko pa Satana, anthu ali ndi thayo la uchimo wake. “Chifukwa chake, monga uchimo unadza m’dziko lapansi mwa munthu mmodzi, ndi imfa mwa uchimo, momwemonso imfa inafikira anthu onse, chifukwa kuti onse anachimwa.” 5,12).

Ngakhale kuti Satana anawayesa, Adamu ndi Hava anasankha zochita, udindowo unali wawo. Mu Salimo 51,14 Davide akunena kuti anali wochimwa chifukwa anabadwa munthu. Amavomerezanso machimo ake ndi kupanda chilungamo kwake.

Tonsefe timavutika ndi zotsatirapo zonse za machimo a iwo omwe adalipo kale ife tisanakwane mpaka momwe adapangira dziko lathu komanso chilengedwe chathu. Komabe, izi sizikutanthauza kuti tinatengera uchimo kwa iwo ndipo iwo ndi amene ali ndi udindo pa uchimowo.

Munthawi ya mneneri Ezekieli padali zokambirana zakuimba mlandu "machimo a makolo" chifukwa cha tchimo lamunthu. Werengani Ezekieli 18, mosamalitsa kwambiri kumapeto kwa vesi 20: "Chifukwa iye yekha amene achimwa adzafa". Mwanjira ina, aliyense ali ndi mlandu wa machimo ake.

Chifukwa chakuti tili ndi thayo laumwini la machimo athu ndi mkhalidwe wauzimu, kulapa kumakhala kwaumwini nthaŵi zonse. Tonse tinachimwa (Aroma 3,23; 1. Johannes 1,8) ndi Malemba Opatulika amalimbikitsa aliyense wa ife payekha kulapa ndi kukhulupirira uthenga wabwino (Marko 1,15; Machitidwe a Atumwi 2,38).

Paulo akupita patsogolo ponena kuti monga mmene uchimo unadzera mwa munthu, chipulumutso chimapezeka kudzera mwa munthu, Yesu Khristu. “...Pakuti ngati ambiri anafa chifukwa cha uchimo wa mmodziyo, koposa kotani nanga chisomo cha Mulungu chinaperekedwa kwa ambiri mwa chisomo cha munthu mmodzi Yesu Kristu” ( Aroma ; 5,15, onaninso mavesi 17-19). Kupita kwa uchimo ndi kwathu, koma chisomo cha chipulumutso ndi Khristu.

Kuphunzira kwa mawu omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pofotokoza tchimo

Mawu osiyanasiyana achihebri ndi achigiriki amagwiritsidwa ntchito pofotokoza tchimo, ndipo liwu lililonse limaphatikiza tanthauzo la tchimo. Kuphunzira mozama mawu awa kumapezeka m'madikishonale, ndemanga, ndi zothandizira kuphunzira Baibulo. Ambiri mwa mawu omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito amatanthauza kukhala ndi mtima komanso malingaliro.

Mwa mawu achihebri ogwiritsiridwa ntchito mofala, lingaliro la uchimo monga kuphonya zotulukapo za cholinga (1. Mose 20,9; 2. Mose 32,21; 2. Mafumu 17,21; Salmo 40,5 etc.); Tchimo limakhudzana ndi kutha kwa ubale, motero kupanduka (kuphwanya malamulo, kupanduka monga momwe zilili 1. Samueli 24,11; Yesaya 1,28; 42,24 etc. anafotokoza); kupotoza chinthu chokhota, kupotoza mwadala chinthu kutali ndi cholinga chake (zochita zoyipa monga mu 2. Samueli 24,17; Danieli 9,5; Masalimo 106,6 etc.); cholakwa ndi chifukwa chake cholakwa (kukwiya mu Masalimo 38,4; Yesaya 1,4; Yeremiya 2,22); Kusokera ndi kupatuka panjira (onani Kulakwitsa mu Yobu 6,24; Yesaya 28,7 etc.); Tchimo likukhudzana ndi kuvulaza ena (zoyipa ndi nkhanza mu Deuteronomo 56,6; Miyambo 24,1. etc.)

Mawu achigriki ogwiritsidwa ntchito mu Chipangano Chatsopano ndi mawu okhudzana ndi kuphonya chizindikiro (Yoh 8,46; 1. Korinto 15,56; Ahebri 3,13; James 1,5; 1. Johannes 1,7 etc.); kupyolera mu cholakwa kapena cholakwa (zolakwa mu Aefeso 2,1; Akolose 2,13 etc.); ndi kuwoloka malire (zolakwa mu Aroma 4,15; Ahebri 2,2 etc); ndi zochita zotsutsana ndi Mulungu (osapembedza mu Aroma 1,18; Tito 2,12; Yuda 15 etc.); ndi kusayeruzika (kusalungama ndi kuphwanya malamulo mu Mateyu 7,23; 24,12; 2. Akorinto 6,14; 1. Johannes 3,4 etc.).

Chipangano Chatsopano chimawonjezera miyeso ina. Tchimo ndi kulephera kutenga mwayi wochita makhalidwe aumulungu kwa ena (Yakobo 4,17). Komanso, “chopanda chikhulupiriro ndi uchimo.” ( 1 Akor4,23)

Tchimo mmalingaliro a Yesu

Kuphunzira mawuwa kumathandiza, koma kokha sikumatifikitsa ku kumvetsa kotheratu kwa uchimo. Monga tanenera poyamba paja, tiyenera kuona uchimo m’lingaliro la Chikhristu, kutanthauza kuti, mmene Mwana wa Mulungu amaonera. Yesu ndiye chifaniziro chenicheni cha mtima wa Atate (Aheb 1,3) ndipo Atate amatiuza kuti: “Muyenera kumumvera iye! (Mateyu 17,5).

Kafukufuku 3 ndi 4 adalongosola kuti Yesu ndi Mulungu wokhala ndi thupi ndipo kuti mawu ake ndi mawu amoyo. Zomwe akunena sizimangowonetsa malingaliro a Atate, komanso zimabweretsa mphamvu ndi chikhalidwe cha Mulungu.

Tchimo silimangochita motsutsana ndi Mulungu, koma ndi loposa. Yesu anafotokoza kuti uchimo umachokera mu mtima ndi m’maganizo a anthu ochimwa. “Pakuti mkati mwa mitima ya anthu mumatuluka maganizo oipa, dama, kuba, kupha munthu, chigololo, umbombo, dumbo, dumbo, chiwerewere, mkwiyo, mwano, kudzikuza, kupanda nzeru. Zoipa zonsezi zimachokera mkati ndipo zimadetsa anthu.” (Mk 7,21-23 ndi).

Timalakwitsa tikayang'ana mndandanda wazomwe mungachite ndi zomwe simuyenera kuchita. Sikuti ndi zochita za munthu payekha, koma maganizo a pansi pa mtima amene Mulungu amafuna kuti timvetse. Ngakhale zili choncho, ndime yomwe ili pamwambayi ya mu Uthenga Wabwino wa Maliko ndi imodzi mwa ambiri amene Yesu kapena atumwi ake anatchula kapena kuyerekezera makhalidwe oipa ndi kusonyeza chikhulupiriro. Malemba oterowo timawapeza pa Mateyu 5-7; Mateyu 25,31-46; 1. Korinto 13,4-8; Agalatiya 5,19-26; Akolose 3 etc. Yesu akufotokoza uchimo ngati khalidwe losokoneza bongo ndipo akuti: “Iye amene achita tchimo ali kapolo wa uchimo” (Yohane. 10,34).

Tchimo limadutsa mizere ya khalidwe laumulungu kwa anthu ena. Kumatanthauza kuchita zinthu ngati kuti tilibe udindo ku ulamuliro uliwonse wapamwamba kuposa ifeyo. Kwa Akristu, uchimo umaphatikizapo kusalola Yesu kukonda ena kupyolera mwa ife, m’kusalemekeza chimene Yakobo anachitcha “kulambira koyera ndi koyera.” (Yakobo. 1,27) ndi “chilamulo chachifumu monga mwa lemba” (Yakobo 2,8) amatchedwa. Yesu anaphunzitsa kuti amene amamukonda adzamvera mawu ake4,15; Mateyu 7,24) ndi kukwaniritsa lamulo la Khristu.

Mutu wa uchimo wobadwa nawo umayendera m'Malemba (onaninso 1. Cunt 6,5; 8,21; mlaliki 9,3; Yeremiya 17,9; Aroma 1,21 etc.). Choncho, Mulungu amatilamula kuti: “Tayani kwa inu zolakwa zonse zimene munachita, ndipo pangani mtima watsopano ndi mzimu watsopano.” ( Ezekieli 18,31).

Potumiza Mwana wake m’mitima yathu, timalandira mtima watsopano ndi mzimu watsopano, wovomereza kuti ndife a Mulungu (Agalatiya Agalatiya. 4,6; Aroma 7,6). Popeza ndife a Mulungu, sitiyeneranso kukhala “akapolo a uchimo” (Aroma 6,6), osakhalanso “osadziwa, osamvera, osasokera, osatumikiranso zilakolako ndi zilakolako, osakhalanso m’choipa ndi kaduka, osakhalanso odedwa ndi kudana wina ndi mnzake.” (Tito. 3,3).

Nkhani ya tchimo loyamba lolembedwa mu 1. Buku la Mose lingatithandize. Adamu ndi Hava anali mu chiyanjano ndi Atate, ndipo uchimo unachitika pamene iwo anaswa unansi umenewo pomvera mau ena (werengani 1. Genesis 2-3).

Cholinga chimene uchimo umaphonya ndicho mphoto ya maitanidwe athu akumwamba mwa Khristu Yesu (Afilipi 3,14) ndi kuti mwa kutengedwa kukhala ana a Atate, ndi Mwana, ndi Mzimu Woyera, titchedwe ana a Mulungu (1. Johannes 3,1). Ngati ife tichoka mu mgonero uwu ndi Umulungu, timaphonya chizindikiro.

Yesu amakhala m’mitima yathu kuti “tidzazidwe ndi chidzalo chonse cha Mulungu” (onani Aefeso. 3,17-19), ndipo kuswa ubale wokwaniritsa uku ndi tchimo. Tikachimwa, timapandukira zonse zimene Mulungu ali. Zimasokoneza ubale wopatulika umene Yesu anafuna ndi ife asanaikidwe maziko a dziko. Ndi kukana kuti Mzimu Woyera agwire ntchito mwa ife kuchita chifuniro cha Atate. Yesu anabwera kudzaitana ochimwa kuti alape (Luka 5,32), kutanthauza kuti amabwerera ku ubale ndi Mulungu ndi chifuniro chake kwa anthu.

Tchimo ndikutenga chinthu chodabwitsa chomwe Mulungu adapanga mu chiyero chake ndikuchipotoza chifukwa cha zilakolako zadyera zotsutsana ndi ena. Zimatanthawuza kusokonekera pa cholinga cha Mulungu kuti anthu aphatikize aliyense m'moyo wake.

Tchimo limatanthauzanso kusaika chikhulupiriro chathu mwa Yesu monga chitsogozo ndi ulamuliro wa moyo wathu wauzimu. Tchimo lomwe liri lauzimu silimafotokozedwa ndi malingaliro a munthu kapena malingaliro, koma ndi Mulungu. Ngati tikufuna tanthauzo lalifupi, titha kunena kuti tchimo ndi mkhalidwe wokhala mopanda kuyanjana ndi Khristu.

Pomaliza

Akhristu akuyenera kupewa tchimo chifukwa tchimo ndikuphwanya ubale wathu ndi Mulungu zomwe zimatichotsa ku chiyanjano cha chiyanjano ndi Atate, ndi Mwana, ndi Mzimu Woyera.

ndi James Henderson